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Boundaries

Offsetting powers

Scope

Processes

Parties

General resources  links

Boundaries

Offsetting powers

Controlling work in progress

  1. President executes powers delegated to national government over states (VI.2, 10)  clause  comments  clause  comments  articles
  2. Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)  clause  comments  articles
  3. Vice president votes in equally-divided Senate (I.3.4)  clause  comments  articles
  4. President objects to bills (I.7.2)  clause  comments  articles
  5. President blocks treaties (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Congresspeople reconsider bills (I.7.2)  clause  comments  articles
  7. Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  8. Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  9. Congresspeople create and redesign inferior national courts (I.8.9)  clause  comments  articles

Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution

  1. State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)  clause  comments  articles
  2. President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)  clause  comments  articles
  3. President intervenes on unconstitutional state-government actions (II.1.8)  clause  comments  articles
  4. State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)  clause  comments  articles
  5. Congresspeople disregard unconstitutional opinions (VI.3)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Congresspeople intervene on unconstitutional state-government actions (VI.3)  clause  comments  articles
  7. State judges opine (VI.3)  clause  comments  articles
  8. National judges opine (III.1, VI.3)  clause  comments  clause  comments  articles 

Loss prevention by impeachment

  1. Representatives impeach (I.2.5)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Senators try impeachments (I.3.6, I.3.7)  clause  comments  clause  comments  articles
  3. Chief justice presides over impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)  clause  comments  articles

Scope

  1. Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)  clause  comments  articles

Political scope

  1. Law of nations offenses (I.8.10)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  3. Treaty making (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  4. War declaration (I.8.11)  clause  comments  articles
  5. Marque and reprisal (I.8.11)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Capture rules (I.8.11)  clause  comments  articles
  7. Army raising and support up to 2 years (I.8.12)  clause  comments  articles
  8. Navy provision and maintenance (I.8.13)  clause  comments  articles
  9. Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)  clause  comments  articles
  10. Militia-calling provisions (I.8.15)  clause  comments  articles
  11. Militia rules for USA service (I.8.16)  clause  comments  articles
  12. Limited government-district laws (I.8.17)  clause  comments  articles
  13. Limited military-district laws (I.8.17)  clause  comments  articles
  14. Habeas corpus suspension (I.9.2)  clause  comments  articles
  15. Treason punishment (III.3.2)  clause  comments  articles
  16. Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1, II.2.1)  clause  comments  clause  comments  articles
  17. Consent to foreign gifts (I.9.8)  clause  comments  articles
  18. Reprieve, pardon except on impeachment (II.2.1)  clause  comments  articles

Commercial scope

  1. Commerce regulations (I.8.3, I.8.3, I.8.3)  clause  comments  clause  comments  clause  comments  articles
  2. Bankruptcy laws (I.8.4)  clause  comments  articles
  3. Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)  clause  comments  articles
  4. Weights and measures standards (I.8.5)  clause  comments  articles
  5. Counterfeiting punishments (I.8.6)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Post offices and post roads (I.8.7)  clause  comments  articles
  7. Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)  clause  comments  articles
  8. Liquor-transport or -import laws (21.2)  clause  comments  articles

Support scope

  1. Naturalization rules (I.8.4)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Voting laws (15.2)  clause  comments  articles
  3. Voting-tax prohibition laws (24.2)  clause  comments  articles
  4. Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1, I.8.1)  clause  comments  clause  comments  articles
  5. Income-tax laws (16)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)  clause  comments  articles
  7. Slavery, involuntary-servitude laws (13.2)  clause  comments  articles
  8. Cases under Constitution, USA laws (III.2.1)  clause  comments  articles
  9. Cases under treaties (III.2.1)  clause  comments  articles
  10. Cases on ambassadors, ministers, consuls (III.2.1)  clause  comments  articles
  11. Cases of admiralty and maritime (III.2.1)  clause  comments  articles
  12. Controversies involving USA (III.2.1)  clause  comments  articles
  13. Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1, III.2.1, III.2.1)  clause  comments  clause  comments  comments  articles

Processes

Legislative processes

  1. All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Revenue bill origination (I.7.1)  clause  comments  articles
  3. President of Senate (I.3.4)  clause  comments  articles
  4. Senate vote when equally divided (I.3.4)  clause  comments  articles
  5. Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Bill reconsideration (I.7.2)  clause  comments  articles
  7. Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  8. Treatymaking (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  9. Amendment proposal (V)  clause  comments  articles
  10. Amendment ratification (V)  clause  comments  articles

Executive processes

  1. The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Appointment making (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  3. Appointment advice, consent (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  4. Inferior-appointments vesting (II.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  5. Senate-recess commissions (II.2.3)  clause  comments  articles

Judicial processes

  1. Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Inferior-court creation (I.8.9)  clause  comments  articles
  3. The judicial power of the USA (III.1)  clause  comments  articles
  4. Impeachment (I.2.5)  clause  comments  articles
  5. Impeachment trial (I.3.6)  clause  comments  articles
  6. Impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)  clause  comments  articles

Parties

Party constitutions

  1. Donations (43)  clause  comments  articles
  2. Meetings (43)  clause  comments  articles
  3. Schedules and controls (43)  clause  comments  articles

Party laws

  1. Voting record (48)  rule  comments  articles
  2. Debates (49)  rule  comments  articles
  3. Caucuses (52)  rule  comments  articles
  4. Closed voting (52)  rule  comments  articles
  5. Proportional voting (52)  rule  comments  articles
  6. Electoral college (52)  rule  comments  articles
  7. One state at a time (53)  rule  comments  articles
  8. Strongest state to weakest (53)  rule  comments  articles

General resources  links

Boundaries

Offsetting powers

Controlling work in progress

President executes powers delegated to national government over states (VI.2, 10)  clause  comments  clause  comments

  • The Internal and External Powers of the National Government (0.6 hours)  article  comments

Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)  clause  comments

  • Roles and Responsibilities of Selected Leadership Positions (0.1 hours)  article  comments
  • A Manual of Parliamentary Practice for the Use of the Senate of the United States (3.1 hours)  article  comments
  • The Constitution’s Congress (0.3 hours)  article  comments
  • Vice Presidents of the United States, 1789–1993, pp. xv-xvi (0.0 hours)  article  comments

Vice president votes in equally-divided Senate (I.3.4)  clause  comments

  • The Filibuster and the Framing: Why the Cloture Rule is Unconstitutional and What To Do About It, pp. 49-50 (0.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Casting Votes of the Vice-Presidents, 1789-1915 (0.2 hours)  article  comments

President objects to bills (I.7.2)  clause  comments

  • George Washingtons Error and the Corruption of Banking (0.1 hours)  article  comments
  • Veto! The Jacksonian Revolution in Constitutional Law (2.3 hours)  article  comments
  • The Line-Item Veto: The Best Response When Congress Passes One Spending “Bill” a Year (0.5 hours)  article  comments

President blocks treaties (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Respective Roles of Senate and President in the Making and Abrogation of Treaties—The Original Intent of the Framers of the Constitution Historically Examined (5.0 hours)  article  comments
  • The Fatal Flaw in NAFTA, GATT and All Other Trade Agreements (0.6 hours)  article  comments

Congresspeople reconsider bills (I.7.2)  clause  comments

  • Veto Override Requirements and Executive Success (1.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: An Overview (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • The Intended Role of the Senate in Supreme Court Appointments (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Senate Confirmation Process: An Overview (0.1 hours)  article  comments

Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Congress and the Supreme Courts Jurisdiction (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Congress Gave and Congress Hath Taken Away: Jurisdiction Withdrawal and the Constitution (3.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Congressional Control Over Federal Court Jurisdiction: A Defense of the Traditional View (3.9 hours)  article  comments

Congresspeople create and redesign inferior national courts (I.8.9)  clause  comments

  • 12 Reasons Why Federal Judiciary Is Irremediably Broken (0.3 hours)  article  comments
  • Circuits or Circuses: The Case for Circuit Level Judicial Reform (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution

State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)  clause  comments

  • The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions: Guideposts of Limited Government (1.1 hours)  article  comments
  • The Enumerated Powers of States (1.1 hours)  article  comments

President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)  clause  comments

  • Everything I Need to Know About Presidents I Learned from Dr. Seuss (0.4 hours)  article  comments
  • The Most Dangerous Branch: Executive Power to Say What the Law Is [HeinOnline paywall] (5.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, vol. I, 1873, pp. 265-266 footnote 2 (0.0 hours)  article  comments

President intervenes on unconstitutional state-government actions (II.1.8)  clause  comments

  • Conceived in Liberty: The Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of Rights (0.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Americas Turning Point (0.2 hours)  article  comments

State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)  clause  comments

  • The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions: Guideposts of Limited Government (1.1 hours)  article  comments
  • The Enumerated Powers of States (1.1 hours)  article  comments

Congresspeople disregard unconstitutional opinions (VI.3)  clause  comments

  • Recovering the Political Constitution: The Madisonian Vision [JSTOR reader] (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Does the Constitution Prescribe Rules for Its Own Interpretation? [SSRN version] (2.9 hours)  article  comments

Congresspeople intervene on unconstitutional state-government actions (VI.3)  clause  comments

  • Conceived in Liberty: The Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of Rights (0.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Americas Turning Point (0.2 hours)  article  comments

State judges opine (VI.3)  clause  comments

  • Clarity and Reasonable Doubt in Early State-Constitutional Judicial Review (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • State Constitutional Prohibitions on Special Laws (2.3 hours)  article  comments

National judges opine (III.1, VI.3)  clause  comments  clause  comments

  • No. 78. A View of the Constitution of the Judicial Department in Relation to the Tenure of Good Behavior (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Loss prevention by impeachment

Representatives impeach (I.2.5)  clause  comments

  • Impeachment: The Structural Understanding [HeinOnline paywall] (0.7 hours)  article  comments
  • Public Office as a Public Trust: A Suggestion that Impeachment for High Crimes and Misdemeanors Implies a Fiduciary Standard [HeinOnline paywall] (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Impeachment: A Handbook (1.6 hours)  article  comments
  • Congress as Grand Jury: The Role of the House of Representatives in the Impeachment of an American President [HeinOnline paywall] (2.7 hours)  article  comments
  • If It’s Not a Runaway, It’s Not a Real Grand Jury (0.9 hours)  article  comments

Senators try impeachments (I.3.6, I.3.7)  clause  comments  clause  comments

Chief justice presides over impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)  clause  comments

  • Rehnquists Renunciation? The Chief Justices Constitutional Duty to “Preside” over Impeachment Trials (1.2 hours)  article  comments

Scope

Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)  clause  comments

Political scope

Law of nations offenses (I.8.10)  clause  comments

  • The Law of Nations and the Offenses Clause of the Constitution: A Defense of Federalism (1.5 hours)  article  comments

Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Respective Roles of Senate and President in the Making and Abrogation of Treaties—The Original Intent of the Framers of the Constitution Historically Examined (5.0 hours)  article  comments
  • “Advice” from the Very Beginning, “Consent” When the End Is Achieved [JSTOR reader] (0.4 hours)  article  comments
  • The Treaty Power and American Federalism (3.0 hours)  article  comments
  • The Fatal Flaw in NAFTA, GATT and All Other Trade Agreements (0.6 hours)  article  comments

Treaty making (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Respective Roles of Senate and President in the Making and Abrogation of Treaties—The Original Intent of the Framers of the Constitution Historically Examined (5.0 hours)  article  comments
  • The Treaty Power and American Federalism (3.0 hours)  article  comments
  • The Fatal Flaw in NAFTA, GATT and All Other Trade Agreements (0.6 hours)  article  comments

War declaration (I.8.11)  clause  comments

  • War-Making under the Constitution: The Original Understanding (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Fame, the Founding, and the Power to Declare War (3.0 hours)  article  comments
  • “Little Wars” and the Constitution (0.7 hours)  article  comments

Marque and reprisal (I.8.11)  clause  comments

  • Covert War and Congressional Authority: Hidden War and Forgotten Power (3.5 hours)  article  comments
  • The Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of Privateers (0.5 hours)  article  comments

Capture rules (I.8.11)  clause  comments

  • The Original Understanding of the Capture Clause (0.7 hours)  article  comments

Army raising and support up to 2 years (I.8.12)  clause  comments

  • The Congressional Power to Raise Armies: The Constitutional and Ratifying Conventions, 1787-1788 [JSTOR reader] (0.3 hours)  article  comments
  • Eagle and Sword: The Federalists and the Creation of the Military Establishment in America, 1783-1802, pp. 298-303 [Internet Archive reader/loan] (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Navy provision and maintenance (I.8.13)  clause  comments

  • Constitutional Foundations of the United States Navy: Text and Context (0.7 hours)  article  comments
  • Jefferson and the Navy: A Defense [JSTOR reader] (1.0 hours)  article  comments

Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)  clause  comments

  • Rules of Engagement and Abusive Citizens (0.7 hours)  article  comments
  • Military Leaders Obligation to Justify Killing in War (0.5 hours)  article  comments

Militia-calling provisions (I.8.15)  clause  comments

  • Structuralism and the War Powers: The Army, Navy and Militia Clauses (1.5 hours)  article  comments
  • The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A Reassessment (1.8 hours)  article  comments
  • Presidential Use of Troops to Execute the Laws: A Brief History (1.0 hours)  article  comments

Militia rules for USA service (I.8.16)  clause  comments

  • The Constitution and National Security: The Intent of the Framers [Google Books reader] (1.4 hours)  article  comments

Limited government-district laws (I.8.17)  clause  comments

  • Too Clever by Half: The Unconstitutionality of Partial Representation of the District of Columbia in Congress (2.5 hours)  article  comments

Limited military-district laws (I.8.17)  clause  comments

  • Federal Land Retention and the Constitutions Property Clause: The Original Understanding (2.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data (1.0 hours)  article  comments

Habeas corpus suspension (I.9.2)  clause  comments

Treason punishment (III.3.2)  clause  comments

  • The Forgotten Constitutional Law of Treason and the Enemy Combatant Problem (2.3 hours)  article  comments
  • The Case for Treason (0.5 hours)  article  comments

Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1, II.2.1)  clause  comments  clause  comments

  • War Powers and the Effects of Unauthorized Military Engagements on Federal Spending (0.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Martin Van Buren: The Greatest American President (1.1 hours)  article  comments

Consent to foreign gifts (I.9.8)  clause  comments

  • The Original Meaning of “Emoluments” in the Constitution (1.8 hours)  article  comments

Reprieve, pardon except on impeachment (II.2.1)  clause  comments

  • The Scope of the Presidents Pardon Power (0.4 hours)  article  comments
  • The Nature of a Pardon Under the United States Constitution (1.2 hours)  article  comments

Commercial scope

Commerce regulations (I.8.3, I.8.3, I.8.3)  clause  comments  clause  comments  clause  comments

  • The Original Meaning of the Commerce Clause (1.9 hours)  article  comments
  • New Evidence of the Original Meaning of the Commerce Clause (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Our Three Commerce Clauses and the Presumption of Intrasentence Uniformity (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Bankruptcy laws (I.8.4)  clause  comments

  • The History of the Bankruptcy Laws in the United States (1.9 hours)  article  comments

Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)  clause  comments

  • The US Constitution and Monetary Powers: An Analysis of the 1787 Constitutional Convention and How a Constitutional Transformation of the Nations Monetary System Emerged [CiteSeerX] (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • The Evolution of Money: A Story of Constitutional Nullification (2.0 hours)  article  comments

Weights and measures standards (I.8.5)  clause  comments

  • The Federal Basis for Weights and Measures: A Historical Review of Federal Legislative Effort, Statutes, and Administrative Action in the Field of Weights and Measures in the United States (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • United States Standards of Weights and Measures, Their Creation and Creators (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Counterfeiting punishments (I.8.6)  clause  comments

  • The U.S. Secret Service: History and Missions (0.7 hours)  article  comments
  • Estimating the Worldwide Volume of Counterfeit U.S. Currency: Data and Extrapolation (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Post offices and post roads (I.8.7)  clause  comments

  • The “Proper” Scope of Federal Power: A Jurisdictional Interpretation of the Sweeping Clause (2.5 hours)  article  comments
  • The Postal Power of Congress: A Study in Constitutional Expansion (5.1 hours)  article  comments
  • Privatizing the U.S. Postal Service (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)  clause  comments

  • The Idea of Progress in Copyright Law (2.1 hours)  article  comments
  • Patent and Copyright Term Extension and the Constitution: A Historical Perspective (4.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not) (1.6 hours)  article  comments

Liquor-transport or -import laws (21.2)  clause  comments

  • Liquor Laws and Constitutional Conventions: A Legal History of the Twenty-First Amendment (1.3 hours)  article  comments

Support scope

Naturalization rules (I.8.4)  clause  comments

  • Immigration Law: A Primer (5.1 hours)  article  comments
  • The Island of Duty: The Practice of Immigration Law on Ellis Island (1.5 hours)  article  comments

Voting laws (15.2)  clause  comments

  • Federal Governmental Power: The Voting Rights Act (0.3 hours)  article  comments
  • The Klan, the Congress, and the Court: Congressional Enforcement of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments & the State Action Syllogism, a Brief Historical Overview (1.8 hours)  article  comments
  • “Abridge” Too Far: Racial Gerrymandering, the Fifteenth Amendment, and Shaw v. Reno (1.2 hours)  article  comments

Voting-tax prohibition laws (24.2)  clause  comments

  • Constitutional Law: Poll Taxes (0.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Illusion of Suffrage: Female Voting Rights and the Womens Poll Tax Repeal Movement after the Nineteenth Amendment (1.6 hours)  article  comments

Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1, I.8.1)  clause  comments  clause  comments

  • What the Constitution Means by “Duties, Imposts, and Excises”—and “Taxes” (Direct or Otherwise) (2.0 hours)  article  comments
  • The General Welfare Clause and the Public Trust: An Essay in Original Understanding (2.2 hours)  article  comments

Income-tax laws (16)  clause  comments

  • The Income Tax: Lessons from the Sixteenth Amendment (0.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Saying Too Little, Too Late: Public Finance Textbooks and the Excess Burdens of Taxation (0.6 hours)  article  comments
  • The Flat Tax: Simplicity Desimplified (0.3 hours)  article  comments

Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)  clause  comments

  • Fiscal Discriminations in Three Wars (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Truth and Consequences: A Guide to Understanding the U.S. Government Debt and Deficits (0.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Does High Public Debt Consistently Stifle Economic Growth? A Critique of Reinhart and Rogoff (0.9 hours)  article  comments

Slavery, involuntary-servitude laws (13.2)  clause  comments

  • Whence Comes Section One? The Abolitionist Origins of the Fourteenth Amendment [CiteSeerX] (3.6 hours)  article  comments

Cases under Constitution, USA laws (III.2.1)  clause  comments

Cases under treaties (III.2.1)  clause  comments

  • History Right?: Historical Scholarship, Original Understanding, and Treaties as Supreme Law of the Land (2.5 hours)  article  comments

Cases on ambassadors, ministers, consuls (III.2.1)  clause  comments

  • The First Ever (Maybe) Original Jurisdiction Standings (0.1 hours)  article  comments

Cases of admiralty and maritime (III.2.1)  clause  comments

Controversies involving USA (III.2.1)  clause  comments

  • A Civilized Nation: The Early American Constitution, the Law of Nations, and the Pursuit of International Recognition (5.8 hours)  article  comments
  • The Law of Nations as Part of the National Law of the United States (1.1 hours)  article  comments
  • The Law of Nations as Part of the National Law of the United States, II (1.6 hours)  article  comments

Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1, III.2.1, III.2.1)  clause  comments  clause  comments  comments

  • Exclusive Original Jurisdiction of the United States Supreme Court: Does it Still Exist (0.9 hours)  article  comments
  • Suits by States Within the Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Processes

Legislative processes

All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)  clause  comments

  • Delegation and Original Meaning (2.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Goal Statutes or Rules Statutes: The Case of the Clean Air Act (3.4 hours)  article  comments

Revenue bill origination (I.7.1)  clause  comments

  • The Origination Clause, the Affordable Care Act, and Indirect Constitutional Violations (1.6 hours)  article  comments
  • The Original Public Meaning of Amendment in the Origination Clause Versus the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2.5 hours)  article  comments

President of Senate (I.3.4)  clause  comments

  • Roles and Responsibilities of Selected Leadership Positions (0.1 hours)  article  comments
  • A Manual of Parliamentary Practice for the Use of the Senate of the United States (3.1 hours)  article  comments
  • The Constitutions Congress (0.3 hours)  article  comments
  • Vice Presidents of the United States, 1789–1993, pp. xv-xvi (0.0 hours)  article  comments

Senate vote when equally divided (I.3.4)  clause  comments

  • The Filibuster and the Framing: Why the Cloture Rule is Unconstitutional and What To Do About It, pp. 49-50 (0.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Casting Votes of the Vice-Presidents, 1789-1915 (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)  clause  comments

  • George Washingtons Error and the Corruption of Banking (0.1 hours)  article  comments
  • Veto! The Jacksonian Revolution in Constitutional Law (2.3 hours)  article  comments
  • The Line-Item Veto: The Best Response When Congress Passes One Spending “Bill” a Year (0.5 hours)  article  comments

Bill reconsideration (I.7.2)  clause  comments

  • Veto Override Requirements and Executive Success (1.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: An Overview (0.2 hours)  article  comments

Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Respective Roles of Senate and President in the Making and Abrogation of Treaties—The Original Intent of the Framers of the Constitution Historically Examined (5.0 hours)  article  comments

Treatymaking (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • The Fatal Flaw in NAFTA, GATT and All Other Trade Agreements (0.6 hours)  article  comments

Amendment proposal (V)  clause  comments

  • States Should Enforce, Not Revise, the Constitution (0.4 hours)  article  comments
  • The Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of the United States During the First Century of Its History (15.6 hours)  article  comments
  • How to Count to Thirty-Four: The Constitutional Case for a Constitutional Convention (0.8 hours)  article  comments
  • Proposing Constitutional Amendments by Convention: Rules Governing the Process (2.2 hours)  article  comments

Amendment ratification (V)  clause  comments

  • Interests versus Ideology in the Ratification of the 16th and 17th Amendments (0.6 hours)  article  comments
  • Ratification of Amendments to the U.S. Constitution (0.1 hours)  article  comments

Executive processes

The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)  clause  comments

  • The Essential Meaning of Executive Power (5.2 hours)  article  comments
  • The Presidents Power To Execute the Laws (5.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Some Normative Arguments for the Unitary Executive {HeinOnline paywall] (2.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Everything I Need to Know About Presidents I Learned from Dr. Seuss (0.4 hours)  article  comments

Appointment making (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • The President, the Senate, the Constitution, and the Confirmation Process: A Reply to Professors Strauss and Sunstein [HeinOnline paywall] (1.7 hours)  article  comments

Appointment advice, consent (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • The Limited Nature of the Senates Advice and Consent Role (1.2 hours)  article  comments

Inferior-appointments vesting (II.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Who Are “Officers of the United States”? (5.1 hours)  article  comments

Senate-recess commissions (II.2.3)  clause  comments

  • The Origins and Meaning of Vacancies That May Happen during the Recess in the Constitutions Recess Appointments Clause (1.5 hours)  article  comments

Judicial processes

Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)  clause  comments

  • Congress and the Supreme Courts Jurisdiction (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Congress Gave and Congress Hath Taken Away: Jurisdiction Withdrawal and the Constitution (3.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Congressional Control Over Federal Court Jurisdiction: A Defense of the Traditional View (3.9 hours)  article  comments

Inferior-court creation (I.8.9)  clause  comments

  • 12 Reasons Why Federal Judiciary Is Irremediably Broken (0.3 hours)  article  comments
  • Circuits or Circuses: The Case for Circuit Level Judicial Reform (0.2 hours)  article  comments

The judicial power of the USA (III.1)  clause  comments

Impeachment (I.2.5)  clause  comments

  • Impeachment: The Structural Understanding [HeinOnline paywall] (0.7 hours)  article  comments
  • Public Office as a Public Trust: A Suggestion that Impeachment for High Crimes and Misdemeanors Implies a Fiduciary Standard [HeinOnline paywall] (1.0 hours)  article  comments
  • Impeachment: A Handbook (1.6 hours)  article  comments
  • Congress as Grand Jury: The Role of the House of Representatives in the Impeachment of an American President [HeinOnline paywall] (2.7 hours)  article  comments
  • If Its Not a Runaway, Its Not a Real Grand Jury (0.9 hours)  article  comments

Impeachment trial (I.3.6)  clause  comments

Impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)  clause  comments  articles

  • Rehnquists Renunciation? The Chief Justices Constitutional Duty to “Preside” over Impeachment Trials (1.2 hours)  article  comments

Parties

Party constitutions

Donations (43)  clause  comments

  • Estimating the Effect of Campaign Spending on Senate Election Outcomes Using Instrumental Variables (0.8 hours)  article  comments
  • The Roles of Party Organizations, Party-Connected Committees, and Party Allies in Elections (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • Against Campaign Finance Reform [HeinOnline paywall] (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Meetings (43)  clause  comments

  • Unconventional Wisdom: The Future of Presidential Nominating Conventions (0.9 hours)  article  comments
  • The Long Winding Road to the White House: Caucuses, Primaries and National Party Conventions in the History of American Presidential Elections (0.5 hours)  article  comments
  • The Utility of Party Conventions in an Era of Low Visibility and Campaign Finance Reform (0.5 hours)  article  comments

Schedules and controls (43)  clause  comments

  • Momentum and Social Learning in Presidential Primaries (1.3 hours)  article  comments
  • Meaningful Participation and the Evolution of the Reformed Presidential Nominating System (0.5 hours)   article  comments

Party laws

Voting record (48)  rule  comments

Debates (49)  rule  comments

  • Presidential Debates and Deliberative Democracy (0.2 hours)  article  comments
  • “Split Screens” and “Spin Rooms”: Debate Modality, Post-Debate Coverage, and the New Videomalaise (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Caucuses (52)  rule  comments

  • The Unscripted Evolution of Presidential Nominations: From Founding-Era Idealism to the Dominance of Party Primaries (1.4 hours)  article  comments
  • Meeting Analysis: Findings from Research and Practice (0.9 hours)  article  comments

Closed voting (52)  rule  comments

  • Primary Election Systems and Representation (0.9 hours)  article  comments
  • A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and Representation (0.8 hours)  article  comments

Proportional voting (52)  rule  comments

  • The Rigors of a Rigged System? Delegate Allocation Rules in the 2008 and 2016 Presidential Primaries (0.4 hours)  article  comments
  • Following the Rules? Candidate Strategy in Presidential Primaries (0.6 hours)  article  comments

Electoral college (52)  rule  comments

  • The Apportionment and Selection of Delegates. Politics, Parties, and Pressure Groups, pp. 402-14 (0.5 hours)  article  comments
  • Southern Delegates and Republican National Convention Politics, 1880–1928 (1.4 hours)  article  comments

One state at a time (53)  rule  comments

  • The Primary Purpose of Presidential Primaries (1.2 hours)  article  comments
  • The Consequences of Front-Loading. The Front-Loading Problem in Presidential Nominations, pp. 56-94 [Internet Archive reader/loan] (1.4 hours)  article  comments
  • News Coverage of the 2016 Presidential Primaries: Horse Race Reporting Has Consequences (0.7 hours)  article  comments

Strongest state to weakest (53)  rule  comments

General resources

  1. Anthony, James. “Boundaries.” rConstitution.us, rConstitution.us/boundaries.  link
  2. Anthony, James. rConstitution Papers: Offsetting Powers Secure Our Rights. Neuwoehner Press, 2020, pp. 3.1-15.  preview
  3. Anthony, James. The Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries. Neuwoehner Press, 2018, pp. 41-60.  preview