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Economic Growth Is a Natural Effect of ChristianityJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-12-032021-12-03https://rconstitution.us/economic-growth-is-a-natural-effect-of-christianity/https://rconstitution.us/economic-growth-is-a-natural-effect-of-christianity/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)
Naturalization rules (I.8.4)
Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
How the Media Can Increase FreedomJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-11-262021-11-26https://rconstitution.us/how-the-media-can-increase-freedom/https://rconstitution.us/how-the-media-can-increase-freedom/#comments0.1State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
Legislative processes
Parties
Inward-Facing Standing Army Must Be Closed and RepealedJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-11-192021-11-19https://rconstitution.us/inward-facing-standing-army-must-be-closed-and-repealed/https://rconstitution.us/inward-facing-standing-army-must-be-closed-and-repealed/#comments0.1President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
Marque and reprisal (I.8.11)
Army raising and support up to 2 years (I.8.12)
Treason punishment (III.3.2)
Counterfeiting punishments (I.8.6)
All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
Repudiate Progressive-Government Debt in Quick, Certain StepsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-11-122021-11-12https://rconstitution.us/repudiate-progressive-government-debt-in-quick-certain-steps/https://rconstitution.us/repudiate-progressive-government-debt-in-quick-certain-steps/#comments0.2Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Biases Favoring War Are Overcome by Having Good BoundariesJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-11-052021-11-05https://rconstitution.us/biases-favoring-war-are-overcome-by-having-good-boundaries/https://rconstitution.us/biases-favoring-war-are-overcome-by-having-good-boundaries/#comments0.2Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
Treaty making (II.2.2)
War declaration (I.8.11)
Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)
Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1)
Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
Why Assertiveness?James AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Greatness2021-10-282021-10-29https://amgreatness.com/2021/10/28/why-assertiveness/https://rconstitution.us/why-assertiveness/0.1Parties
Ivermectin, Hydroxychloroquine, Fast Tests Suppressed. Attorneys General Can Fight BackJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-10-222021-10-22https://rconstitution.us/ivermectin-hydroxychloroquine-fast-tests-suppressed-attorneys-general-can-fight-back/https://rconstitution.us/ivermectin-hydroxychloroquine-fast-tests-suppressed-attorneys-general-can-fight-back/#comments0.1Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution
The True TaxJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-10-152021-10-15https://rconstitution.us/the-true-tax/https://rconstitution.us/the-true-tax/#comments0.2Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Income-tax laws (16)
A Summary of StagesJesus Huerta de SotooffsiteMoney, Bank Credit, and Economic Cycles2020-12-012021-10-08https://cdn.mises.org/money_bank_credit_and_economic_cycles_4th_edition.pdf#page=564https://rconstitution.us/a-summary-of-stages/0.1Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Of Common, Public, and Private Property and the Rationale for Total PrivatizationHans-Hermann HoppeoffsiteLibertarian Papers2011-02-232021-10-01http://libertarianpapers.org/wp-content/uploads/article/2011/lp-3-1.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/of-common-public-and-private-property-and-the-rationale-for-total-privatization/0.5Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Limited government-district laws (I.8.17)
Limiting War through Good Boundaries: Secrecy, Independence, Basing, ROE Cards, Declarations, Enemy Governments, ProductivityJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-09-242021-09-24https://rconstitution.us/limiting-war-through-good-boundaries-secrecy-independence-basing-roe-cards-declarations-enemy-governments-productivity/https://rconstitution.us/limiting-war-through-good-boundaries-secrecy-independence-basing-roe-cards-declarations-enemy-governments-productivity/#comments0.2Offsetting powers
Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
War declaration (I.8.11)
Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)
Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1)
Conservatism Is Action Conserving and Building FreedomJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-09-172021-09-17https://rconstitution.us/conservatism-is-action-conserving-and-building-freedom/https://rconstitution.us/conservatism-is-action-conserving-and-building-freedom/#comments0.1Offsetting powers
Parties
Focusing on Federalism Obscures the USA’s Greater DecentralizationJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-09-102021-09-10https://rconstitution.us/focusing-on-federalism-obscures-the-usas-greater-decentralization/https://rconstitution.us/focusing-on-federalism-obscures-the-usas-greater-decentralization/#comments0.1Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution
Party constitutions
Party laws
Keystone XL Illustrates that Zoning and Permitting by Governments Are UnconstitutionalJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-09-032021-09-03https://rconstitution.us/keystone-xl-illustrates-that-zoning-and-permitting-by-governments-are-unconstitutional/https://rconstitution.us/keystone-xl-illustrates-that-zoning-and-permitting-by-governments-are-unconstitutional/#comments0.3Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
Voting scores (48)
Justice Delayed and DeniedJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-08-272021-08-27https://rconstitution.us/justice-delayed-and-denied/https://rconstitution.us/justice-delayed-and-denied/#comments0.1Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)
Summoning the Courage to Be DislikedJames AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Greatness2021-08-202021-08-20https://amgreatness.com/2021/08/20/summoning-the-courage-to-be-disliked/https://rconstitution.us/summoning-the-courage-to-be-disliked/0.1State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
The Right Needs a More Confrontational PoliticsJames AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Greatness2021-08-062021-08-11https://amgreatness.com/2021/08/06/the-right-needs-a-more-confrontational-politics/https://rconstitution.us/the-right-needs-a-more-confrontational-politics/0.1Parties
Treason RemediesJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-08-062021-08-06https://rconstitution.us/treason-remedies/https://rconstitution.us/treason-remedies/#comments0.1Loss prevention by impeachment
The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Why DeSantis MattersJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-07-302021-07-30https://rconstitution.us/why-desantis-matters/https://rconstitution.us/why-desantis-matters/#comments0.2State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
Government-Error Cycles Are Driven by Government People Overriding Free CustomersJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-07-232021-07-23https://rconstitution.us/government-error-cycles-are-driven-by-government-people-overriding-free-customers/https://rconstitution.us/government-error-cycles-are-driven-by-government-people-overriding-free-customers/#comments0.1Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
rSecession: County-Region Secessions to Form Small-r republican State GovernmentsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-07-092021-07-09https://rconstitution.us/rsecession-county-region-secessions-to-form-small-r-republican-state-governments/https://rconstitution.us/rsecession-county-region-secessions-to-form-small-r-republican-state-governments/#comments0.5Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Who Will Benefit Long-Term from Ending the Filibuster?James AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Greatness2021-06-262021-06-27https://amgreatness.com/2021/06/26/who-will-benefit-long-term-from-ending-the-filibuster/https://rconstitution.us/who-will-benefit-long-term-from-ending-the-filibuster/0.1Legislative processes
Senate vote when equally divided (I.3.4)
Tony Fauci—Your Tax Dollars at WorkJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-06-252021-06-25https://rconstitution.us/tony-fauci-your-tax-dollars-at-work/https://rconstitution.us/tony-fauci-your-tax-dollars-at-work/#comments0.3Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Good Pandemic Outcomes Come from Good BoundariesJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-06-182021-06-18https://rconstitution.us/good-pandemic-outcomes-come-from-good-boundaries/https://rconstitution.us/good-pandemic-outcomes-come-from-good-boundaries/#comments0.2Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
It Is Time to Denounce Roe vs. WadeHerbert TitusoffsiteThe Forecast1996-02-012021-06-11https://theinteramerican.org/221-it-is-time-to-denounce-roe-vs-wade-html/https://rconstitution.us/it-is-time-to-denounce-roe-vs-wade/0.3State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
Congresspeople disregard unconstitutional opinions (VI.3)
Socialism and DecivilizationJesús Huerta de SotooffsiteMises Daily Articles2018-12-312021-06-04https://mises.org/library/socialism-and-decivilizationhttps://rconstitution.us/socialism-and-decivilization/0.3Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Who Decides: Cronies, or Customers?James AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-05-282021-05-28https://rconstitution.us/who-decides-cronies-or-customers/https://rconstitution.us/who-decides-cronies-or-customers/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Parties
Convention of WasteAnthony, JamesonsiterConstitution.us2021-05-212021-05-21https://rconstitution.us/convention-of-waste/https://rconstitution.us/convention-of-waste/#comments0.1Amendment proposal (V)
Amendment ratification (V)
What the Lubbock Sanctuary for the Unborn Shows UsJames AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Greatness2021-05-112021-05-12https://amgreatness.com/2021/05/11/what-the-lubbock-sanctuary-for-the-unborn-shows-us/https://rconstitution.us/what-the-lubbock-sanctuary-for-the-unborn-shows-us/0.1Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution
The Worst Age Discrimination Is Social Security’s Gray WallJames AnthonyonsiterConsstitution.us2021-04-302021-04-30https://rconstitution.us/the-worst-age-discrimination-is-social-securitys-gray-wall/https://rconstitution.us/the-worst-age-discrimination-is-social-securitys-gray-wall/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Changing Government by Stepping, Phasing, or DoingJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-04-232021-04-23https://rconstitution.us/changing-government-by-stepping-phasing-or-doing/https://rconstitution.us/changing-government-by-stepping-phasing-or-doing/#comments0.1Offsetting powers
Resettling for Freedom Will Work Best in Jackson, Mississippi and Birmingham, AlabamaJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-04-162021-04-16https://rconstitution.us/resettling-for-freedom-will-work-best-in-jackson-mississippi-and-birmingham-alabama/https://rconstitution.us/resettling-for-freedom-will-work-best-in-jackson-mississippi-and-birmingham-alabama/#comments0.1Parties
A New Major Party Is Forming Right before Our EyesJames AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Greatness2021-04-052021-04-06https://amgreatness.com/2021/04/05/a-new-major-party-is-forming-right-before-our-eyes/https://rconstitution.us/a-new-major-party-is-forming-right-before-our-eyes/0.2Parties
Constitution Support Policies for State and Local GovernmentsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-04-022021-04-02https://rconstitution.us/constitution-support-policies-for-state-and-local-governments/https://rconstitution.us/constitution-support-policies-for-state-and-local-governments/#comments0.1State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State judges opine (VI.3)
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Socialism Kills FreedomJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-03-262021-03-26https://rconstitution.us/socialism-kills-freedom/https://rconstitution.us/socialism-kills-freedom/#comments0.9Parties
Best Practices for Recovering from Novel Virus InfectionsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-03-192021-03-19https://rconstitution.us/best-practices-for-recovering-from-novel-virus-infections/https://rconstitution.us/best-practices-for-recovering-from-novel-virus-infections/#comments0.2Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Texas Electricity Customers Can’t Buy Reliability or Sell FlexibilityJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-03-122021-03-12https://rconstitution.us/texas-electricity-customers-cant-buy-reliability-or-sell-flexibility/https://rconstitution.us/texas-electricity-customers-cant-buy-reliability-or-sell-flexibility/#comments0.2Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
If You Won’t Repeal Emergency Powers, You Might Be a RINOJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-03-052021-03-05https://rconstitution.us/if-you-wont-repeal-emergency-powers-you-might-be-a-rino/https://rconstitution.us/if-you-wont-repeal-emergency-powers-you-might-be-a-rino/#comments0.1Commercial scope
Legislative processes
Executive processes
Parties
COVID Spiking of New York Nursing Homes Is a Feature, Not a Bug, of ProgressivismJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-02-262021-02-26https://rconstitution.us/covid-spiking-of-new-york-nursing-homes-is-a-feature-not-a-bug-of-progressivism/https://rconstitution.us/covid-spiking-of-new-york-nursing-homes-is-a-feature-not-a-bug-of-progressivism/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)
Parties
The Use of Knowledge in PandemicsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-02-192021-02-19https://rconstitution.us/the-use-of-knowledge-in-pandemics/https://rconstitution.us/the-use-of-knowledge-in-pandemics/#comments0.3Offsetting powers
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Constitution Support in Cities, Counties, and StatesJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-02-122021-02-12https://rconstitution.us/constitution-support-in-cities-counties-and-states/https://rconstitution.us/constitution-support-in-cities-counties-and-states/#comments0.2State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State judges opine (VI.3)
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Constitutional Impeachment Is Loss PreventionJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-02-052021-02-05https://rconstitution.us/constitutional-impeachment-is-loss-prevention/https://rconstitution.us/constitutional-impeachment-is-loss-prevention/#comments0.1Representatives impeach (I.2.6)
Senators try impeachments (I.3.6, I.3.7)
Chief justice presides over impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)
Local Governments with Good Boundaries Build FreedomJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-01-292021-01-29https://rconstitution.us/local-governments-with-good-boundaries-build-freedom/https://rconstitution.us/local-governments-with-good-boundaries-build-freedom/#comments0.2Offsetting powers
Scope
How Elections, Parties, and Charters MatterJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-01-222021-01-22https://rconstitution.us/how-elections-parties-and-charters-matter/https://rconstitution.us/how-elections-parties-and-charters-matter/#comments0.1Voting scores (48)
COVID Tyranny Should Be Overpowered Using LawsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-01-152021-01-15https://rconstitution.us/covid-tyranny-should-be-overpowered-using-laws/https://rconstitution.us/covid-tyranny-should-be-overpowered-using-laws/#comments0.2State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
The First 1,461 Days of a Constitutionalist PresidentJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2021-01-082021-01-08https://rconstitution.us/the-first-1461-days-of-a-constitutionalist-president/https://rconstitution.us/the-first-1461-days-of-a-constitutionalist-president/#comments0.1Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
Vice president votes in equally-divided Senate (I.3.4)
President objects to bills (I.7.2)
President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
War declaration (I.8.11)
Navy provision and maintenance (I.8.13)
Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)
Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
President of Senate (I.3.4)
Senate vote when equally divided (I.3.4)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Appointment making (II.2.2)
American Government Finance in the Long Run: 1790 to 1990John WallisoffsiteJournal of Economic Perspectives2000-02-012021-01-01https://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1257/jep.14.1.61https://rconstitution.us/american-government-finance-in-the-long-run-1790-to-1990/0.9Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Income-tax laws (16)
Neighborhood Cities Increase FreedomJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-12-262020-12-26https://rconstitution.us/neighborhood-cities-increase-freedom/https://rconstitution.us/neighborhood-cities-increase-freedom/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
“Constitution Support” Pushes Back Progressive TyrannyJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-12-182020-12-18https://rconstitution.us/constitution-support-pushes-back-progressive-tyranny/https://rconstitution.us/constitution-support-pushes-back-progressive-tyranny/#comments0.2Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution
All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
Zero Tolerance for Election-Manner ViolationsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-12-112020-12-11https://rconstitution.us/zero-tolerance-for-election-manner-violations/https://rconstitution.us/zero-tolerance-for-election-manner-violations/#comments0.1Voting laws (15.2)
2022 Election Cycle BeginsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-12-042020-12-04https://rconstitution.us/2022-election-cycle-begins/https://rconstitution.us/2022-election-cycle-begins/#comments0.1Parties
Election Power and Duty Are Delegated to Legislators and ElectorsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-11-272020-11-27https://rconstitution.us/election-power-and-duty-are-delegated-to-legislators-and-electors/https://rconstitution.us/election-power-and-duty-are-delegated-to-legislators-and-electors/#comments0.1Voting laws (15.2)
Productive Property Adds Value for EveryoneJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-11-202020-11-20https://rconstitution.us/productive-property-adds-value-for-everyone/https://rconstitution.us/productive-property-adds-value-for-everyone/#comments0.2Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Holding Unabridged ElectionsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-11-132020-11-13https://rconstitution.us/holding-unabridged-elections/https://rconstitution.us/holding-unabridged-elections/#comments0.2Voting laws (15.2)
Votes Matter When a Party Requires Good Voting ScoresJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-11-062020-11-06https://rconstitution.us/votes-matter-when-a-party-requires-good-voting-scores/https://rconstitution.us/votes-matter-when-a-party-requires-good-voting-scores/#comments0.2Voting scores (48)
Voting Guide for ConstitutionalistsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-10-302020-10-30https://rconstitution.us/voting-guide-for-constitutionalists/https://rconstitution.us/voting-guide-for-constitutionalists/#comments0.2Processes
Voting scores (48)
Our COVID-19 Plan Would Minimize Mortality and Lockdown-Induced Collateral DamageJayanta Bhattacharya, Sunetra Gupta, Martin KulldorffoffsiteAmerican Institute of Economic Research2020-10-232020-10-23https://www.aier.org/article/our-covid-19-plan-would-minimize-mortality-and-lockdown-induced-collateral-damage/https://rconstitution.us/our-covid-19-plan-would-minimize-mortality-and-lockdown-induced-collateral-damage/0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Informed ConsentJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-10-012020-10-16https://rconstitution.us/informed-consent/https://rconstitution.us/informed-consent/#comments0.1Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)
Appointment making (II.2.2)
Appointment advice, consent (II.2.2)
On the Reading of Old ConstitutionsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-10-092020-10-09https://rconstitution.us/on-the-reading-of-old-constitutions/https://rconstitution.us/on-the-reading-of-old-constitutions/#comments0.2Offsetting powers
Loss limiting by oath to support Constitution
Republican Party Blocks Constitutionalist Majorities and LibertyJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-10-022020-10-02https://rconstitution.us/republican-party-blocks-constitutionalist-majorities-and-liberty/https://rconstitution.us/republican-party-blocks-constitutionalist-majorities-and-liberty/#comments0.1Voting scores (48)
Government Agencies Are Holding Back ‘Fast Tests’ that Could Be Saving LivesJames AnthonyoffsiteFoundation for Economic Education2020-09-192020-09-25https://fee.org/articles/government-agencies-are-holding-back-fast-tests-that-could-be-saving-lives/https://rconstitution.us/government-agencies-are-holding-back-fast-tests-that-could-be-saving-lives/0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Your Future Earnings Are Quickly Becoming Other People’s MoneyJames AnthonyoffsiteThe Federalist2020-09-082020-09-18https://thefederalist.com/2020/09/08/your-future-earnings-are-quickly-becoming-other-peoples-money/https://rconstitution.us/your-future-earnings-are-quickly-becoming-other-peoples-money/0.1Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
You Built That: Real Net Voluntary Value Added per CapitaJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-09-112020-09-11https://rconstitution.us/you-built-that-real-net-voluntary-value-added-per-capita/https://rconstitution.us/you-built-that-real-net-voluntary-value-added-per-capita/#comments0.3Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Income-tax laws (16)
Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
City Problems Need City Solutions: Open Up Counties AgainJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-04-172020-09-04https://rconstitution.us/city-problems-need-city-solutions-open-up-counties-again/https://rconstitution.us/city-problems-need-city-solutions-open-up-counties-again/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Mass Murder Can Be Reduced: Disincentivize, Detect, Deescalate, LimitJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2019-08-272020-08-28https://rconstitution.us/mass-murder-can-be-reduced-disincentivize-detect-deescalate-limit/https://rconstitution.us/mass-murder-can-be-reduced-disincentivize-detect-deescalate-limit/#comments0.1Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)
Congresspeople create and redesign inferior national courts (I.8.9)
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Assessing the FDA via the Anomaly of Off-Label Drug PrescribingAlexander TabarrokoffsiteThe Independent Review2000-06-012020-08-21https://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_05_1_tabarrok.pdf#page=2https://rconstitution.us/assessing-the-fda-via-the-anomaly-of-off-label-drug-prescribing/1.2Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Republicans: The Key ProgressivesJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2018-12-082020-08-21https://rconstitution.us/republicans-the-key-progressives/https://rconstitution.us/republicans-the-key-progressives/#comments0.2Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
President objects to bills (I.7.2)
President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
Voting scores (48)
Living through Coronavirus, Living with CoronavirusJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-08-112020-08-11https://rconstitution.us/living-through-coronavirus-living-with-coronavirus/https://rconstitution.us/living-through-coronavirus-living-with-coronavirus/#comments0.2Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Test Sensitivity Is Secondary to Frequency and Turnaround Time for COIVID-19 SurveillanceDaniel Larremorey, Bryan Wilder, Evan Lester, Soraya Shehata, James Burke, James Hay, Milind Tambe, Michael Mina, Roy ParkeroffsitemedRxiv2020-06-272020-08-09https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.06.22.20136309v2.full.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/test-sensitivity-is-secondary-to-frequency-and-turnaround-time-for-coivid-19-surveillance/0.8Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
YouTube Plays Doctor: No More Second OpinionsJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-08-072020-08-07https://rconstitution.us/youtube-plays-doctor-no-more-second-opinions/https://rconstitution.us/youtube-plays-doctor-no-more-second-opinions/#comments0.2Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Hydroxychloroquine, Used Early, Is the Most-Effective COVID-19 Treatment, and Is Likely Much Better Given Supplemental ZincJames AnthonyonsiterConstitution.us2020-07-302020-07-30https://rconstitution.us/hydroxychloroquine-used-early-is-the-most-effective-covid-19-treatment-and-is-likely-much-better-given-supplemental-zinc/https://rconstitution.us/hydroxychloroquine-used-early-is-the-most-effective-covid-19-treatment-and-is-likely-much-better-given-supplemental-zinc/#comments0.1Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
We May Already Have Herd Immunity – An Interview with Professor Sunetra GuptaSunetra GuptaoffsiteReaction.life2020-07-212020-07-30https://reaction.life/we-may-already-have-herd-immunity-an-interview-with-professor-sunetra-gupta/https://rconstitution.us/we-may-already-have-herd-immunity-an-interview-with-professor-sunetra-gupta/0.4Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
George Washington’s Error and the Corruption of BankingJames AnthonyoffsiteAmerican Thinker2019-05-222019-05-22https://www.americanthinker.com/articles/2019/05/george_washingtons_error_and_the_corruption_of_banking.htmlhttps://rconstitution.us/george-washingtons-error-and-the-corruption-of-banking/0.1President objects to bills (I.7.2)
Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
The Income Tax: Lessons from the Sixteenth AmendmentMark BrandlyoffsiteMises Wire2019-04-152019-04-15https://mises.org/wire/income-tax-lessons-sixteenth-amendmenthttps://rconstitution.us/the-income-tax-lessons-from-the-sixteenth-amendment/0.2Income-tax laws (16)
The Scope of the President’s Pardon PowerJames PfiffneroffsiteSSRN2019-03-312019-03-31https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=3740960130010961221171160840791210691010730100280610251000830220290130930850300090000320300330081111110070251270030911220091120440570370060470810060210950730150760000110490301211070940930850841190700040711241121https://rconstitution.us/the-scope-of-the-presidents-pardon-power/0.4Reprieve, pardon except on impeachment (II.2.1)
Caucuses RulesJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/caucuses-rules/https://rconstitution.us/caucuses-rules/0.0Caucuses (52)
Closed-Voting RuleJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/closed-voting-rule/https://rconstitution.us/closed-voting-rule/#comments0.0Closed voting (52)
Debate RulesJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/debate-rules/https://rconstitution.us/debate-rules/#comments0.0Debates (49)
Donations PowerJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/donations-power/https://rconstitution.us/donations-power/#comments0.0Donations (43)
Electoral-College RulesJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/electoral-college-rules/https://rconstitution.us/electoral-college-rules/#comments0.0Electoral college (52)
Meetings PowerJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/meetings-power/https://rconstitution.us/meetings-power/#comments0.0Meetings (43)
One-State-at-a-Time RulesJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/one-state-at-a-time-rules/https://rconstitution.us/one-state-at-a-time-rules/#comments0.0One state at a time (53)
Proportional-Voting RulesJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/proportional-voting-rules/https://rconstitution.us/proportional-voting-rules/0.0Proportional voting (52)
Schedules and Controls PowerJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/schedules-and-controls-power/https://rconstitution.us/schedules-and-controls-power/#comments0.0Schedules and controls (43)
Strongest-State-to-Weakest RuleJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/strongest-state-to-weakest-rule/https://rconstitution.us/strongest-state-to-weakest-rule/#comments0.0Strongest to weakest (53)
Voting-Record RuleJames AnthonyonsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries2018-11-222018-11-22https://rconstitution.us/voting-record-rule/https://rconstitution.us/voting-record-rule/#comments0.0Voting scores (48)
War Powers and the Effects of Unauthorized Military Engagements on Federal SpendingJonathan Turleyoffsite2018-06-062018-06-06https://www.hsgac.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Turley%20Testimony1.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/war-powers-and-the-effects-of-unauthorized-military-engagements-on-federal-spending/0.5Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1)
Who Are “Officers of the United States”?Jennifer MascottoffsiteStanford Law Review2018-02-012018-02-01https://review.law.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2018/02/70-Stan.-L.-Rev.-443.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/who-are-officers-of-the-united-states/5.1Inferior-appointments vesting (II.2.2)
Veto Override Requirements and Executive SuccessRobert McGrath, Jon Rogowski, Josh RyanoffsitePolitical Science Research and Methods2018-01-012018-01-01https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/rogowski/files/mcgrath_etal_2018.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/veto-override-requirements-and-executive-success/1.5Congresspeople reconsider bills (I.7.2)
Bill reconsideration (I.7.2)
The Rigors of a Rigged System? Delegate Allocation Rules in the 2008 and 2016 Presidential PrimariesBrittany Brake, John ClarkoffsiteState of the Parties: 2016 and Beyond2017-11-072017-11-07https://www.uakron.edu/bliss/state-of-the-parties/papers/brake+clark.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-rigors-of-a-rigged-system-delegate-allocation-rules-in-the-2008-and-2016-presidential-primaries/0.4Proportional voting (52)
The Original Meaning of “Emoluments” in the ConstitutionRobert NatelsonoffsiteGeorgia Law Review2017-11-012017-11-01https://www.georgialawreview.org/api/v1/articles/3371-the-original-meaning-of-emoluments-in-the-constitution.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-original-meaning-of-emoluments-in-the-constitution/1.8Consent to foreign gifts (I.9.8)
The Original Public Meaning of Amendment in the Origination Clause Versus the Patient Protection and Affordable Care ActDaniel SmythoffsiteBritish Journal of American Legal Studies2017-11-012017-11-01https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/bjals.2017.6.issue-2/bjals-2017-0015/bjals-2017-0015.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-original-public-meaning-of-amendment-in-the-origination-clause-versus-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act/2.5Revenue bill origination (I.7.1)
Federal Land Ownership: Overview and DataCarol Vincent, Laura Hanson, Carla Arguetaoffsite2017-03-032017-03-03https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42346.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/federal-land-ownership-overview-and-data/1.0Limited military-district laws (I.8.17)
Circuits or Circuses: The Case for Circuit Level Judicial ReformDaniel HorowitzoffsiteConservative Review2017-02-152017-02-15https://www.conservativereview.com/news/circuits-or-circuses-heres-why-we-desperately-need-judicial-reform-at-the-circuit-court-level/https://rconstitution.us/circuits-or-circuses-the-case-for-circuit-level-judicial-reform/0.2Congresspeople create and redesign inferior national courts (I.8.9)
Inferior-court creation (I.8.9)
News Coverage of the 2016 Presidential Primaries: Horse Race Reporting Has ConsequencesThomas Pattersonoffsite2016-12-012016-12-01https://shorensteincenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Election-2016-Primary-Media-Coverage.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/news-coverage-of-the-2016-presidential-primaries-horse-race-reporting-has-consequences/0.7One state at a time (53)
12 Reasons Why Federal Judiciary Is Irremediably BrokenDaniel HorowitzoffsiteConservative Review2016-08-022016-08-02https://www.conservativereview.com/news/12-reasons-why-federal-judiciary-is-irremediably-broken/https://rconstitution.us/12-reasons-why-federal-judiciary-is-irremediably-broken/0.3Congresspeople create and redesign inferior national courts (I.8.9)
Inferior-court creation (I.8.9)
The Unscripted Evolution of Presidential Nominations: From Founding-Era Idealism to the Dominance of Party PrimariesZachary BluestoneoffsiteHarvard Journal of Law & Public Policy2016-08-012016-08-01https://www.harvard-jlpp.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/2010/01/39_3_Bluestone_F.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-unscripted-evolution-of-presidential-nominations-from-founding-era-idealism-to-the-dominance-of-party-primaries/1.4Caucuses (52)
Privatizing the U.S. Postal ServiceChris Edwardsoffsite2016-04-012016-04-01https://www.downsizinggovernment.org/uspshttps://rconstitution.us/privatizing-the-us-postal-service/0.2Post offices and post roads (I.8.7)
The Postal Power of Congress: A Study in Constitutional ExpansionLindsay Rogersoffsite2016-01-012016-01-01https://books.googleusercontent.com/books/content?req=AKW5QadgSQwXPMlikqpvW0bPLqR_f6wzyiQ8ct2e6hDiFG12vlwFCq7h26P0qrNs_CICty2JSvAswa6WuJdtAe5jePa9KG0G1H3oyWGBNPJbXgoCFJEkhLrNnAmjxZrCsjzkvIqn__Lg4w1H2MHNW7xnALwLp_Sdb4cWul6cKd69SX-GdY8vUqo2cbYNaJdkeA2rZcrvnhttps://rconstitution.us/the-postal-power-of-congress-a-study-in-constitutional-expansion/5.1Post offices and post roads (I.8.7)
What the Constitution Means by “Duties, Imposts, and Excises” and “Taxes” (Direct or Otherwise)Robert NatelsonoffsiteCase Western Reserve Law Review2015-12-012015-12-01https://scholarlycommons.law.case.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2649&context=caselrev#page=2https://rconstitution.us/what-the-constitution-means-by-duties-imposts-and-excises-and-taxes-direct-or-otherwise/2.0Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Habeas Corpus and the American RevolutionAmanda TyleroffsiteCalifornia Law Review2015-06-012015-06-01https://scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4286&context=californialawreviewhttps://rconstitution.us/habeas-corpus-and-the-american-revolution/2.7Habeas corpus suspension (I.9.2)
The Origination Clause, the Affordable Care Act, and Indirect Constitutional ViolationsTessa DysartoffsiteCornell Journal of Law and Public Policy2015-05-012015-05-01https://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1419&context=cjlpp#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-origination-clause-the-affordable-care-act-and-indirect-constitutional-violations/1.6Revenue bill origination (I.7.1)
Casting Votes of the Vice-Presidents, 1789-1915Henry LearnedoffsiteThe American Historical Review2015-04-012015-04-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/1835860.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A58f0584695d233394e42adefbeaf21d9#page=2https://rconstitution.us/casting-votes-of-the-vice-presidents-1789-1915/0.2Vice president votes in equally-divided Senate (I.3.4)
Senate vote when equally divided (I.3.4)
Southern Delegates and Republican National Convention Politics, 1880-1928Boris Heersink, Jeffery JenkinsoffsiteStudies in American Political Development2015-04-012015-04-01https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5650/5a09912680cde987141e368909c17a5f2b4c.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/southern-delegates-and-republican-national-convention-politics-1880-1928/1.4Electoral college (52)
Clarity and Reasonable Doubt in Early State-Constitutional Judicial ReviewChristopher GreenoffsiteSouth Texas Law Review2015-01-012015-01-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=2660820640820240280880230990820060001010150020330020300900831180060710861060670280070290260170100471020211260970030160780960031040820300640060690950241170761080760620020331261130900281250870100970921221030820121https://rconstitution.us/clarity-and-reasonable-doubt-in-early-state-constitutional-judicial-review/1.2State judges opine (VI.3)
Abolition of SlaveryHerman BelzoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/amendments/13/essays/166/abolition-of-slaveryhttps://rconstitution.us/abolition-of-slavery/0.2Slavery, involuntary-servitude laws (13.2)
AdmiraltyDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/110/admiraltyhttps://rconstitution.us/admiralty/0.1Cases of admiralty and maritime (III.2.1)
AmbassadorsDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/109/ambassadorshttps://rconstitution.us/ambassadors/0.1Cases on ambassadors, ministers, consuls (III.2.1)
AmendmentsTrent EnglandoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/5/essays/129/amendmentshttps://rconstitution.us/amendments/0.1Amendment proposal (V)
Amendment ratification (V)
Appellate Jurisdiction ClauseAndrew GoldoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/117/appellate-jurisdiction-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/appellate-jurisdiction-clause/0.2Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)
Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)
Appointments ClauseJohn McGinnisoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/91/appointments-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/appointments-clause/0.2Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)
Appointment making (II.2.2)
Appointment advice, consent (II.2.2)
Army ClauseMackubin OwensoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/52/army-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/army-clause/0.2Army raising and support up to 2 years (I.8.12)
Bankruptcy ClauseTodd ZywickioffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/41/bankruptcy-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/bankruptcy-clause/0.1Bankruptcy laws (I.8.4)
Borrowing ClauseClaire PriestoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/36/borrowing-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/borrowing-clause/0.1Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
Captures ClauseJohn YoooffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/51/captures-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/captures-clause/0.1Capture rules (I.8.11)
Citizen-State DiversityErnest YoungoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/113/citizen-state-diversityhttps://rconstitution.us/citizen-state-diversity/0.1Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1)
Coinage ClauseTodd ZywickioffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/42/coinage-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/coinage-clause/0.1Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Commander in ChiefJohn YoooffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/86/commander-in-chiefhttps://rconstitution.us/commander-in-chief/0.1Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1)
Commander of MilitiaDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/87/commander-of-militiahttps://rconstitution.us/commander-of-militia/0.1Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1)
Commerce among the StatesDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/38/commerce-among-the-stateshttps://rconstitution.us/commerce-among-the-states/0.4Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
Commerce with Foreign NationsDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/37/commerce-with-foreign-nationshttps://rconstitution.us/commerce-with-foreign-nations/0.1Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
Commerce with the Indian TribesDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/39/commerce-with-the-indian-tribeshttps://rconstitution.us/commerce-with-the-indian-tribes/0.1Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
CounterfeitingDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/44/counterfeitinghttps://rconstitution.us/counterfeiting/0.1Counterfeiting punishments (I.8.6)
Declare WarJohn YoooffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/49/declare-warhttps://rconstitution.us/declare-war/0.2War declaration (I.8.11)
Diversity ClauseTerence PelloffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/114/diversity-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/diversity-clause/0.1Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1)
Emoluments ClauseRobert DelahuntyoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/68/emoluments-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/emoluments-clause/0.1Consent to foreign gifts (I.9.8)
Enclave ClauseLee CaseyoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/57/enclave-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/enclave-clause/0.1Limited government-district laws (I.8.17)
Executive Vesting ClauseSaikrishna PrakashoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/76/executive-vesting-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/executive-vesting-clause/0.1The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Federal PartyPaul RosenzweigoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/111/federal-partyhttps://rconstitution.us/federal-party/0.1Controversies involving USA (III.2.1)
ImpeachmentStephen PresseroffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/11/impeachmenthttps://rconstitution.us/impeachment/0.1Representatives impeach (I.2.6)
Impeachment (I.2.5)
Income TaxErik JensenoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/amendments/16/essays/177/income-taxhttps://rconstitution.us/income-tax/0.1Income-tax laws (16)
Inferior CourtsDavid EngdahloffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/47/inferior-courtshttps://rconstitution.us/inferior-courts/0.2Congresspeople create and redesign inferior national courts (I.8.9)
Inferior-court creation (I.8.9)
Inferior OfficersDouglas CoxoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/92/inferior-officershttps://rconstitution.us/inferior-officers/0.1Inferior-appointments vesting (II.2.2)
Interstate DisputesPaul RosenzweigoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/112/interstate-disputeshttps://rconstitution.us/interstate-disputes/0.1Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1)
Judicial PowerArthur HellmanoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/107/judicial-powerhttps://rconstitution.us/judicial-power/0.2Cases under Constitution, USA laws (III.2.1)
Judicial Vesting ClauseRobert PushawoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/102/judicial-vesting-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/judicial-vesting-clause/0.1National judges opine (III.1, VI.3)
The judicial power of the USA (III.1)
Legislative Vesting ClauseGary LawsonoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/2/legislative-vesting-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/legislative-vesting-clause/0.3All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
Marque and ReprisalJohn YoooffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/50/marque-and-reprisalhttps://rconstitution.us/marque-and-reprisal/0.1Marque and reprisal (I.8.11)
Military InstallationsLee CaseyoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/58/military-installationshttps://rconstitution.us/military-installations/0.1Limited military-district laws (I.8.17)
Military RegulationsDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/54/military-regulationshttps://rconstitution.us/military-regulations/0.2Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)
Militia ClauseMackubin OwensoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/55/militia-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/militia-clause/0.1Militia-calling provisions (I.8.15)
NaturalizationJoseph BessetteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/40/naturalizationhttps://rconstitution.us/naturalization/0.2Naturalization rules (I.8.4)
Navy ClauseMackubin OwensoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/53/navy-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/navy-clause/0.1Navy provision and maintenance (I.8.13)
Oath of OfficeVasan KesavanoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/85/oath-of-officehttps://rconstitution.us/oath-of-office/0.1President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
President intervenes on unconstitutional state-government actions (II.1.8)
Oaths ClauseMatthew SpaldingoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/6/essays/134/oaths-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/oaths-clause/0.1State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
Congresspeople disregard unconstitutional opinions (VI.3)
Congresspeople intervene on unconstitutional state-government actions (VI.3)
State judges opine (VI.3)
National judges opine (III.1, VI.3)
Offenses Against the Law of Nations ClauseDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/48/offenses-against-the-law-of-nations-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/offenses-against-the-law-of-nations-clause/0.1Law of nations offenses (I.8.10)
Organizing the MilitiaMackubin OwensoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/56/organizing-the-militiahttps://rconstitution.us/organizing-the-militia/0.1Militia rules for USA service (I.8.16)
Origination ClauseErik JensenoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/30/origination-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/origination-clause/0.1Revenue bill origination (I.7.1)
Pardon PowerJames PfiffneroffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/89/pardon-powerhttps://rconstitution.us/pardon-power/0.1Reprieve, pardon except on impeachment (II.2.1)
Patent and Copyright ClauseThomas NachbaroffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/46/patent-and-copyright-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/patent-and-copyright-clause/0.1Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)
Poll TaxesDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/amendments/24/essays/186/poll-taxeshttps://rconstitution.us/poll-taxes/0.1Voting-tax prohibition laws (24.2)
Post OfficeDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/45/post-officehttps://rconstitution.us/post-office/0.1Post offices and post roads (I.8.7)
Presentment ClauseMichael RappaportoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/31/presentment-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/presentment-clause/0.2President objects to bills (I.7.2)
Congresspeople reconsider bills (I.7.2)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
Bill reconsideration (I.7.2)
Punishment for ImpeachmentMichael GerhardtoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/18/punishment-for-impeachmenthttps://rconstitution.us/punishment-for-impeachment/0.1Senators try impeachments (I.3.6, I.3.7)
Punishment of TreasonBradley WatsonoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/120/punishment-of-treasonhttps://rconstitution.us/punishment-of-treason/0.0Treason punishment (III.3.2)
Recess Appointments ClauseMichael CarrieroffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/93/recess-appointments-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/recess-appointments-clause/0.1Senate-recess commissions (II.2.3)
Repeal of ProhibitionDavid WagneroffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/amendments/21/essays/183/repeal-of-prohibitionhttps://rconstitution.us/repeal-of-prohibition/0.1Liquor-transport or -import laws (21.2)
Reserved Powers of the StatesCharles CooperoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/amendments/10/essays/163/reserved-powers-of-the-stateshttps://rconstitution.us/reserved-powers-of-the-states/0.2President executes powers delegated to national government over states (VI.2, 10)
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
Spending ClauseJohn EastmanoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/34/spending-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/spending-clause/0.3Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Suffrage—RaceEarl MaltzoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/amendments/15/essays/176/suffrage-racehttps://rconstitution.us/suffrage-race/0.1Voting laws (15.2)
Supremacy ClauseGary LawsonoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/6/essays/133/supremacy-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/supremacy-clause/0.2President executes powers delegated to national government over states (VI.2, 10)
Suspension of Habeas CorpusDavid ForteoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/61/habeas-corpushttps://rconstitution.us/suspension-of-habeas-corpus/0.2Habeas corpus suspension (I.9.2)
The Heritage Guide to the ConstitutionMatthew Spalding, David F. Forte, editorsoffsite2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitutionhttps://rconstitution.us/the-heritage-guide-to-the-constitution/0.0Offsetting powers
Scope
Processes
TreatiesDennis ArrowoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/3/essays/108/treatieshttps://rconstitution.us/treaties/0.1Cases under treaties (III.2.1)
Treaty ClauseMichael RamseyoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/2/essays/90/treaty-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/treaty-clause/0.3President blocks treaties (II.2.2)
Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
Treaty making (II.2.2)
Trial of ImpeachmentMichael GerhardtoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/17/trial-of-impeachmenthttps://rconstitution.us/trial-of-impeachment/0.1Senators try impeachments (I.3.6, I.3.7)
Chief justice presides over impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)
Impeachment trial (I.3.6)
Impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)
Uniformity ClauseNelson LundoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/35/uniformity-clausehttps://rconstitution.us/uniformity-clause/0.1Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Vice President as Presiding OfficerPeter SchrammoffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/15/vice-president-as-presiding-officerhttps://rconstitution.us/vice-president-as-presiding-officer/0.0Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
Vice president votes in equally-divided Senate (I.3.4)
President of Senate (I.3.4)
Weights and MeasuresEric ChiappinellioffsiteThe Heritage Guide to the Constitution2014-09-152014-09-15https://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/1/essays/43/weights-and-measureshttps://rconstitution.us/weights-and-measures/0.0Weights and measures standards (I.8.5)
Saying Too Little, Too Late: Public Finance Textbooks and the Excess Burdens of TaxationCecil Bohanon, John Horowitz, James McClureoffsiteEcon Journal Watch2014-09-012014-09-01http://econjwatch.org/file_download/832/bohanonhorowitzmccluresept2014.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/saying-too-little-too-late-public-finance-textbooks-and-the-excess-burdens-of-taxation/0.6Income-tax laws (16)
Nine Criteria to Evaluate LegislationoffsiteLocke and Smith Foundation2014-08-262014-08-26https://1drv.ms/b/s!An3D-l3nOEaamOhpKtlREesPUP5RLw?e=7QVI1Zhttps://rconstitution.us/nine-criteria-to-evaluate-legislation/0.1Voting scores (48)
Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: An OverviewKevin Kosaroffsite2014-06-182014-06-18https://www.everycrsreport.com/files/20140618_RS22188_9e132216c71122a494b120465d15d3576420934c.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/regular-vetoes-and-pocket-vetoes-an-overview/0.2Congresspeople reconsider bills (I.7.2)
Bill reconsideration (I.7.2)
Rules of Engagement and Abusive CitizensAmitai EtzionioffsitePRISM2014-04-012014-04-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/26549754.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A10d78f09915a7a3221aaa0ec54e5a710#page=2https://rconstitution.us/rules-of-engagement-and-abusive-citizens/0.7Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)
The U.S. Secret Service: History and MissionsShawn Reeseoffsite2014-03-252014-03-25https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL34603.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-us-secret-service-history-and-missions/0.7Counterfeiting punishments (I.8.6)
Does High Public Debt Consistently Stifle Economic Growth? A Critique of Reinhart and RogoffThomas Herndon, Michael Ash, Robert PollinoffsiteCambridge Journal of Economics2014-03-012014-03-01https://www.peri.umass.edu/fileadmin/pdf/other_publication_types/magazine___journal_articles/Does_High_Public_Debt_Consistently_Stifle_Economic_Growth__CJE_version.pdf#page=13https://rconstitution.us/does-high-public-debt-consistently-stifle-economic-growth-a-critique-of-reinhart-and-rogoff/0.9Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
Illusion of Suffrage: Female Voting Rights and the Women’s Poll Tax Repeal Movement after the Nineteenth AmendmentRonnie PodolefskyoffsiteNotre Dame Law Review, vol. 73, no. 3, Feb. 2014, pp. 839-8882014-02-012014-02-01http://scholarship.law.nd.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1776&context=ndlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/illusion-of-suffrage-female-voting-rights-and-the-womens-poll-tax-repeal-movement-after-the-nineteenth-amendment/1.6Voting-tax prohibition laws (24.2)
The Origins and Meaning of “Vacancies That May Happen during the Recess” in the Constitution’s Recess Appointments ClauseRobert NatelsonoffsiteHarvard Journal of Law & Public Policy2014-02-012014-02-01https://www.harvard-jlpp.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/2014/01/37_1_199_Natelson.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-origins-and-meaning-of-vacancies-that-may-happen-during-the-recess-in-the-constitutions-recess-appointments-clause/1.5Senate-recess commissions (II.2.3)
Fiscal Discriminations in Three WarsGeorge Hall, Thomas SargentoffsiteJournal of Monetary Economics2014-01-012014-01-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=5991100061190230270981000161061041170630920050210010650870730770180660281251241030050500230020570070360060221020291060871220720370180870360850271140890010931200900210150071180030841150191130031051171160051260930https://rconstitution.us/fiscal-discriminations-in-three-wars/1.0Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
Optimal PrimariesPatrick Hummel, Richard HoldenoffsiteJournal of Public Economics2014-01-012014-01-01http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.715.1773&rep=rep1&type=pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/optimal-primaries/1.2Strongest to weakest (53)
Suspension and DelegationAmy BarrettoffsiteCornell Law Review2014-01-012014-01-01http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4618&context=clr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/suspension-and-delegation/3.4Habeas corpus suspension (I.9.2)
The Filibuster and the Framing: Why the Cloture Rule Is Unconstitutional and What to Do About It, pp. 49-50Dan CoenenoffsiteBoston College Law Review2014-01-012014-01-01https://lawdigitalcommons.bc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3350&context=bclr#page=12https://rconstitution.us/the-filibuster-and-the-framing-why-the-cloture-rule-is-unconstitutional-and-what-to-do-about-it-pp-49-50/0.0Vice president votes in equally-divided Senate (I.3.4)
Senate vote when equally divided (I.3.4)
State Constitutional Prohibitions on Special LawsJustin LongoffsiteCleveland State Law Review2012-12-012012-12-01https://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1025&context=clevstlrev#page=2https://rconstitution.us/state-constitutional-prohibitions-on-special-laws/2.3State judges opine (VI.3)
The Long Winding Road to the White House: Caucuses, Primaries and National Party Conventions in the History of American Presidential ElectionsMichael DunneoffsiteThe Historian2012-10-102012-10-10https://www.history.org.uk/files/download/10747/1349794761/Dunne.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-long-winding-road-to-the-white-house-caucuses-primaries-and-national-party-conventions-in-the-history-of-american-presidential-elections/0.5Meetings (43)
The Forgotten Core Meaning of the Suspension ClauseAmanda TyleroffsiteHarvard Law Review2012-02-012012-02-01https://cdn.harvardlawreview.org/wp-content/uploads/pdfs/vol125_tyler.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-forgotten-core-meaning-of-the-suspension-clause/4.9Habeas corpus suspension (I.9.2)
The First Ever (Maybe) Original Jurisdiction StandingsJay Wexler, David HattonoffsiteJournal of Legal Metrics2012-01-042012-01-04https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=7490250710661190210201000820200771070540190170540890750230691140970700040280860960930090300981191100600471020980691141181110140160850690070120800030061201160280960730480671050910921031141171020290110780241070130https://rconstitution.us/the-first-ever-maybe-original-jurisdiction-standings/0.1Cases on ambassadors, ministers, consuls (III.2.1)
How to Count to Thirty-Four: The Constitutional Case for a Constitutional ConventionMichael PaulsenoffsiteHarvard Journal of Law & Public Policy2011-08-012011-08-01https://www.harvard-jlpp.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/2013/10/34_3_837_Paulsen-1.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/how-to-count-to-thirty-four-the-constitutional-case-for-a-constitutional-convention/0.8Amendment proposal (V)
Unconventional Wisdom: The Future of Presidential Nominating ConventionsSandy Maisel, Justin Rouse, Russell WilsonoffsiteNew England Journal of Political Science2011-05-012011-05-01https://c62a1cd8-e60b-4682-b2c5-a937642d5637.filesusr.com/ugd/7d6421_be8fbb80fb21401783fca33c168b0744.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/unconventional-wisdom-the-future-of-presidential-nominating-conventions/0.9Meetings (43)
America’s Turning PointJeffrey Rogers HummeloffsiteThe Freeman2011-04-012011-04-01https://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1011&context=econ_pub#page=2https://rconstitution.us/americas-turning-point/0.2President intervenes on unconstitutional state-government actions (II.1.8)
Congresspeople intervene on unconstitutional state-government actions (VI.3)
Whence Comes Section One? The Abolitionist Origins of the Fourteenth AmendmentRandy BarnettoffsiteJournal of Legal Analysis2011-03-012011-03-01https://watermark.silverchair.com/3-1-165.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAlIwggJOBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggI_MIICOwIBADCCAjQGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQM7seq7VNfMzIItbgxAgEQgIICBUZibh6DZMSdUk8jTmCZKwvtWUd-NOzloNZMVJ08S9NE1C7https://rconstitution.us/whence-comes-section-one-the-abolitionist-origins-of-the-fourteenth-amendment/3.6Slavery, involuntary-servitude laws (13.2)
Proposing Constitutional Amendments by Convention: Rules Governing the ProcessRobert NatelsonoffsiteTennessee Law Review2011-01-012011-01-01https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/37195330/Rules_for_Art_V_Conventions.pdf?response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DProposing_Constitutional_Amendments_by_C.pdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3https://rconstitution.us/proposing-constitutional-amendments-by-convention-rules-governing-the-process/2.2Amendment proposal (V)
States Should Enforce, Not Revise, the ConstitutionLarry GreenleyoffsiteThe New American2010-12-062010-12-06https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/7836-states-should-enforce-not-revise-the-constitutionhttps://rconstitution.us/states-should-enforce-not-revise-the-constitution/0.4Amendment proposal (V)
Momentum and Social Learning in Presidential PrimariesBrian Knight, Nathan SchiffoffsiteJournal of Political Economy2010-12-012010-12-01https://cpb-us-w2.wpmucdn.com/sites.brown.edu/dist/d/75/files/2019/05/Momentum-and-Social-Learning-in-Presidential-Primaries.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/momentum-and-social-learning-in-presidential-primaries/1.3Schedules and controls (43)
Strongest to weakest (53)
Truth and Consequences: A Guide to Understanding the U.S. Government Debt and DeficitsMargaret Polski, Sarah Nutteroffsite2010-12-012010-12-01https://www.mercatus.org/system/files/Truth%20and%20Consequences.Polski.Nutter.12.20.10.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/truth-and-consequences-a-guide-to-understanding-the-us-government-debt-and-deficits/0.5Borrowing on credit of USA (I.8.2)
A Civilized Nation: The Early American Constitution, the Law of Nations, and the Pursuit of International RecognitionDavid Golove, Daniel HulseboschoffsiteNew York University Law Review2010-10-012010-10-01https://www.nyulawreview.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/NYULawReview-85-4-Golove-Hulsebosch.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/a-civilized-nation-the-early-american-constitution-the-law-of-nations-and-the-pursuit-of-international-recognition/5.8Controversies involving USA (III.2.1)
Federal Governmental Power: The Voting Rights ActMichael DorfoffsiteTouro Law Review2010-09-012010-09-01http://digitalcommons.tourolaw.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1184&context=lawreview#page=3https://rconstitution.us/federal-governmental-power-the-voting-rights-act/0.3Voting laws (15.2)
The Primary Purpose of Presidential PrimariesDennis ThompsonoffsitePolitical Science Quarterly2010-08-012010-08-01https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/9637980/Thompson_Primary.pdf;sequence=2https://rconstitution.us/the-primary-purpose-of-presidential-primaries/1.2One state at a time (53)
The Internal and External Powers of the National GovernmentGeorge SutherlandoffsiteThe North American Review2010-03-012010-03-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/25106613.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A3bc132e410397a1518279366d9d350ed#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-internal-and-external-powers-of-the-national-government/0.6President executes powers delegated to national government over states (VI.2, 10)
Following the Rules? Candidate Strategy in Presidential PrimariesTravis Ridout, Brandon Rottinghaus, Nathan HoseyoffsiteSocial Science Quarterly2009-12-012009-12-01https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/48870303/Following_20the_20Rules_20Final_20SSQ.pdf?response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DFollowing_the_Rules_Candidate_Strategy_i.pdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWOWYhttps://rconstitution.us/following-the-rules-candidate-strategy-in-presidential-primaries/0.6Proportional voting (52)
The Original Understanding of the Capture ClauseAaron SimowitzoffsiteDePaul Law Review2009-12-012009-12-01http://via.library.depaul.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1164&context=law-review#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-original-understanding-of-the-capture-clause/0.7Capture rules (I.8.11)
The Roles of Party Organizations, Party-Connected Committees, and Party Allies in ElectionsPaul HerrnsonoffsiteThe Journal of Politics2009-10-012009-10-01https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/667f/2d741792facb8d8cd7de3593d8f10449c8c0.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-roles-of-party-organizations-party-connected-committees-and-party-allies-in-elections/1.2Donations (43)
The Klan, the Congress, and the Court: Congressional Enforcement of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments & the State Action Syllogism, a Brief Historical OverviewMichael CurtisoffsiteUniversity of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law2009-07-012009-07-01http://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1179&context=jclhttps://rconstitution.us/the-klan-the-congress-and-the-court-congressional-enforcement-of-the-fourteenth-and-fifteenth-amendments-the-state-action-syllogism-a-brief-historical-overview/1.8Voting laws (15.2)
“Split Screens” and “Spin Rooms”: Debate Modality, Post-Debate Coverage, and the New VideomalaiseJaeho Cho, Dhavan Shah, Seungahn Nah, Dominique BrossardoffsiteJournal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media2009-06-012009-06-01https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/41359129/JOBEM2009.pdf?response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DSplit_Screens_and_Spin_Rooms_Debate_Mod.pdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A%2F20200221%2Fus-ehttps://rconstitution.us/split-screens-and-spin-rooms-debate-modality-post-debate-coverage-and-the-new-videomalaise/0.8Debates (49)
Does the Constitution Prescribe Rules for Its Own Interpretation? [SSRN version]Michael PaulsenoffsiteNorthwestern University Law Review2009-05-012009-05-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=9810080640221070280940820880921150871270320280460500250141190660881150870270971120220180600990090240421131011051180030100000070420510880340390930010991261261180950520600070940871061221261250751000120670991060810https://rconstitution.us/does-the-constitution-prescribe-rules-for-its-own-interpretation-ssrn-version/2.9Congresspeople disregard unconstitutional opinions (VI.3)
The Constitution’s CongressGary LawsonoffsiteBoston University Law Review2009-04-012009-04-01http://www.bu.edu/law/journals-archive/bulr/volume89n2/documents/LAWSON.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-constitutions-congress/0.3Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
President of Senate (I.3.4)
Immigration Law: A PrimerMichael Scaperlandaoffsite2009-01-012009-01-01https://www.fjc.gov/sites/default/files/2012/ImmLaw09.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/immigration-law-a-primer/5.1Naturalization rules (I.8.4)
Meaningful Participation and the Evolution of the Reformed Presidential Nominating SystemLonna Atkeson, Cherie MaestasoffsitePS: Political Science and Politics2009-01-012009-01-01https://www.unm.edu/~atkeson/AtkesonMaestas_2009.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/meaningful-participation-and-the-evolution-of-the-reformed-presidential-nominating-system/0.5Schedules and controls (43)
Presidential Debates and Deliberative DemocracyCharles CollieroffsiteYale Law Journal Pocket Part2008-06-162008-06-16https://www.yalelawjournal.org/forum/presidential-debates-and-deliberative-democracyhttps://rconstitution.us/presidential-debates-and-deliberative-democracy/0.2Debates (49)
Liquor Laws and Constitutional Conventions: A Legal History of the Twenty-First AmendmentEthan Davisoffsite2008-04-092008-04-09https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1065&context=student_papers#page=2https://rconstitution.us/liquor-laws-and-constitutional-conventions-a-legal-history-of-the-twenty-first-amendment/1.3Liquor-transport or -import laws (21.2)
Too Clever by Half: The Unconstitutionality of Partial Representation of the District of Columbia in CongressJonathan TurleyoffsiteThe George Washington Law Review2008-02-012008-02-01http://www.gwlr.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/76_2_Turley.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/too-clever-by-half-the-unconstitutionality-of-partial-representation-of-the-district-of-columbia-in-congress/2.5Limited government-district laws (I.8.17)
The Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of PrivateersAlexander TabarrokoffsiteThe Independent Review2007-05-012007-05-01https://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_11_04_06_tabarrok.pdf#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-rise-fall-and-rise-again-of-privateers/0.5Marque and reprisal (I.8.11)
The Utility of Party Conventions in an Era of Low Visibility and Campaign Finance ReformMark WrightonoffsiteRewiring Politics: Presidential Nominating Conventions in the Media Age2007-01-012007-01-01https://www.researchgate.net/profile/J_Mark_Wrighton/publication/292970349_The_Utility_of_Party_Conventions_in_an_Era_of_Low_Visibility_and_Campaign_Finance_Reform/links/56b2ae3c08ae56d7b06cd7ae.pdf#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-utility-of-party-conventions-in-an-era-of-low-visibility-and-campaign-finance-reform/0.5Meetings (43)
The Forgotten Constitutional Law of Treason and the Enemy Combatant ProblemCarlton LarsonoffsiteUniversity of Pennsylvania Law Review2006-04-012006-04-01http://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1303&context=penn_law_reviewhttps://rconstitution.us/the-forgotten-constitutional-law-of-treason-and-the-enemy-combatant-problem/2.3Treason punishment (III.3.2)
The US Constitution and Monetary Powers: An Analysis of the 1787 Constitutional Convention and How a Constitutional Transformation of the Nation’s Monetary System Emerged [CiteSeerX]Farley Grubboffsite2005-11-012005-11-01http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.969.1444&rep=rep1&type=pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-us-constitution-and-monetary-powers-an-analysis-of-the-1787-constitutional-convention-and-how-a-constitutional-transformation-of-the-nations-monetary-system-emerged-citeseerx/1.2Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
Congress Gave and Congress Hath Taken Away: Jurisdiction Withdrawal and the ConstitutionTravis BarhamoffsiteWashington and Lee Law Review2005-06-012005-06-01https://scholarlycommons.law.wlu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1287&context=wlulr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/congress-gave-and-congress-hath-taken-away-jurisdiction-withdrawal-and-the-constitution/3.0Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)
Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)
Federal Land Retention and the Constitution’s Property Clause: The Original UnderstandingRobert NatelsonoffsiteUniversity of Colorado Law Review2005-05-012005-05-01https://scholarship.law.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1072&context=faculty_lawreviews#page=2https://rconstitution.us/federal-land-retention-and-the-constitutions-property-clause-the-original-understanding/2.2Limited military-district laws (I.8.17)
Roles and Responsibilities of Selected Leadership PositionsoffsiteNCSL.org2005-01-202005-01-20https://www.ncsl.org/legislators-staff/legislators/legislative-leaders/leadership-positions-roles-and-responsibilities.aspx#poshttps://rconstitution.us/roles-and-responsibilities-of-selected-leadership-positions/0.1Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
President of Senate (I.3.4)
The Constitution and National Security: The Intent of the Framers [Google Books reader]Richard KohnoffsiteAmerican Defense Policy2005-01-012005-01-01https://books.google.com/books?id=5e_GhhBg2qcC&ppis=_c&lpg=PP1&dq=american%20defense%20policy&pg=PA88#v=onepage&q&f=falsehttps://rconstitution.us/the-constitution-and-national-security-the-intent-of-the-framers-google-books-reader/1.4Militia rules for USA service (I.8.16)
The Consequences of Front-Loading. The Front-Loading Problem in Presidential Nominations, pp. 56-94 [Internet Archive reader/loan]William Mayer, Andrew BuschoffsiteThe Review of Politics2004-01-012004-01-01https://archive.org/details/frontloadingprob00maye/page/56/mode/2uphttps://rconstitution.us/the-consequences-of-front-loading-the-front-loading-problem-in-presidential-nominations-pp-56-94-internet-archive-reader/loan/1.4One state at a time (53)
The General Welfare Clause and the Public Trust: An Essay in Original UnderstandingRobert NatelsonoffsiteThe University of Kansas Law Review2003-11-012003-11-01https://scholarship.law.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1094&context=faculty_lawreviews#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-general-welfare-clause-and-the-public-trust-an-essay-in-original-understanding/2.2Taxes, duties, imposts, excises (I.8.1)
Estimating the Worldwide Volume of Counterfeit U.S. Currency: Data and ExtrapolationRuth Judson, Richard Porteroffsite2003-09-012003-09-01https://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2003/200352/200352pap.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/estimating-the-worldwide-volume-of-counterfeit-us-currency-data-and-extrapolation/0.8Counterfeiting punishments (I.8.6)
Structuralism and the War Powers: The Army, Navy and Militia ClausesRobert DelahuntyoffsiteGeorgia State University Law Review2003-08-012003-08-01https://readingroom.law.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1993&context=gsulr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/structuralism-and-the-war-powers-the-army-navy-and-militia-clauses/1.5Militia-calling provisions (I.8.15)
The Irrepressible Myth of MarburyMichael PaulsenoffsiteMichigan Law Review2003-08-012003-08-01https://repository.law.umich.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1764&context=mlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-irrepressible-myth-of-marbury/1.6Cases under Constitution, USA laws (III.2.1)
The judicial power of the USA (III.1)
A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and RepresentationKaren Kaufmann, James Gimpel, Adam HoffmanoffsiteThe Journal of Politics2003-05-012003-05-01https://www.researchgate.net/profile/James_Gimpel/publication/229696472_A_Promise_Fulfilled_Open_Primaries_and_Representation/links/5cc9a47192851c8d22127eaa/A-Promise-Fulfilled-Open-Primaries-and-Representation.pdf#page=3https://rconstitution.us/a-promise-fulfilled-open-primaries-and-representation/0.8Closed voting (52)
The Enumerated Powers of StatesRobert NatelsonoffsiteNevada Law Journal2003-05-012003-05-01https://scholars.law.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&https:redir=1&article=1270&context=nljhttps://rconstitution.us/the-enumerated-powers-of-states/1.1State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
The Essential Meaning of Executive PowerSaikrishna PrakashoffsiteUniversity of Illinois Law Review2003-04-302003-04-30https://illinoislawreview.org/wp-content/ilr-content/articles/2003/3/Prakash.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-essential-meaning-of-executive-power/5.2The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
Senate Confirmation Process: An OverviewLorraine Tongoffsite2003-04-042003-04-04http://research.policyarchive.org/3494.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/senate-confirmation-process-an-overview/0.1Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)
The Tenth Amendment and Local GovernmentJake SullivanoffsiteThe Yale Law Journal2003-04-012003-04-01https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4855&context=ylj#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-tenth-amendment-and-local-government/0.3Scope not delegated to USA and not prohibited to states (10)
The Limited Nature of the Senate’s Advice and Consent RoleJohn EastmanoffsiteUniversity of California Davis Law Review2003-02-012003-02-01https://lawreview.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/36/3/symposium-federal-judicial-selection-new-milennium/DavisVol36No3_Eastman.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-limited-nature-of-the-senates-advice-and-consent-role/1.2Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)
Appointment advice, consent (II.2.2)
New Evidence of the Original Meaning of the Commerce ClauseRandy BarnettoffsiteArkansas Law Review2003-01-012003-01-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=3901140061220991040670751031030641120560500650270390510780980040670640801120731261090050351070050610250440740780241221260700810380370780520000851070250980020980070040530350240831230830860830220210201090940091121https://rconstitution.us/new-evidence-of-the-original-meaning-of-the-commerce-clause/1.2Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
Our Three Commerce Clauses and the Presumption of Intrasentence UniformitySaikrishna PrakashoffsiteArkansas Law Review2003-01-012003-01-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=9440030310171230980700040890940990990000560680390030001270720970720711270910050881181020070960011050130060940641201250270950890130190050260201250770090940240990890680760170970191111180070170191180070240660160821https://rconstitution.us/our-three-commerce-clauses-and-the-presumption-of-intrasentence-uniformity/0.8Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
The Law of Nations and the Offenses Clause of the Constitution: A Defense of FederalismMichael MorleyoffsiteThe Yale Law Journal2002-10-012002-10-01https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4618&context=ylj#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-law-of-nations-and-the-offenses-clause-of-the-constitution-a-defense-of-federalism/1.5Law of nations offenses (I.8.10)
Delegation and Original MeaningGary LawsonoffsiteVirginia Law Review2002-04-012002-04-01https://scholarship.law.bu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1685&context=faculty_scholarshiphttps://rconstitution.us/delegation-and-original-meaning/2.5All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
Rehnquist’s Renunciation? The Chief Justice’s Constitutional Duty to “Preside” over Impeachment TrialsMichael WilliamsoffsiteWest Virginia Law Review2002-04-012002-04-01https://researchrepository.wvu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1469&context=wvlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/rehnquists-renunciation-the-chief-justices-constitutional-duty-to-preside-over-impeachment-trials/1.2Chief justice presides over impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)
Impeachment trial of president (I.3.6)
Military Leaders’ Obligation to Justify Killing in WarPeter KilneroffsiteMilitary Review2002-03-012002-03-01https://www.academia.edu/1419110/Military_Leaders_Obligation_to_Justify_Killing_in_Warhttps://rconstitution.us/military-leaders-obligation-to-justify-killing-in-war/0.5Land- and naval-force rules (I.8.14)
Patent and Copyright Term Extension and the Constitution: A Historical PerspectiveTyler OchoaoffsiteJournal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A.2001-11-012001-11-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=2210000020931220711241141031100710090260350410770880700770090950680930771210800981131070320441220201261110191131181150821041180220320920790361211010911241130760800170030100271191160650200650660290910041200961140https://rconstitution.us/patent-and-copyright-term-extension-and-the-constitution-a-historical-perspective/4.2Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)
The American Militia and the Origin of Conscription: A ReassessmentJeffrey Rogers HummeloffsiteJournal of Libertarian Studies2001-10-012001-10-01https://mises-media.s3.amazonaws.com/15_4_2.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-american-militia-and-the-origin-of-conscription-a-reassessment/1.8Militia-calling provisions (I.8.15)
The Idea of Progress in Copyright LawMichael BirnhackoffsiteBuffalo Intellectual Property Law Journal2001-07-012001-07-01https://digitalcommons.law.buffalo.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1004&context=buffaloipjournal#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-idea-of-progress-in-copyright-law/2.1Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)
Everything I Need to Know About Presidents I Learned from Dr. SeussGary LawsonoffsiteHarvard Journal of Law & Public Policy2001-05-012001-05-01https://scholarship.law.bu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2013&context=faculty_scholarship#page=2https://rconstitution.us/everything-i-need-to-know-about-presidents-i-learned-from-dr-seuss/0.4President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
The Original Meaning of the Commerce ClauseRandy BarnettoffsiteThe University of Chicago Law Review2001-02-012001-02-01http://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5074&context=uclrevhttps://rconstitution.us/the-original-meaning-of-the-commerce-clause/1.9Commerce regulations (I.8.3)
Meeting Analysis: Findings from Research and PracticeNicholas Romano, Jr., Jay Nunamaker, Jr.offsiteProceedings of the 34th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences2001-01-062001-01-06https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4829/576f7390f7581ab20b1c567d41212038ca84.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/meeting-analysis-findings-from-research-and-practice/0.9Caucuses (52)
A Manual of Parliamentary Practice for the Use of the Senate of the United StatesThomas Jeffersonoffsite2001-01-012001-01-01https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/pdf/SDoc103-8.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/a-manual-of-parliamentary-practice-for-the-use-of-the-senate-of-the-united-states/3.1Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
President of Senate (I.3.4)
If It’s Not a Runaway, It’s Not a Real Grand JuryRoger RootsoffsiteCreighton Law Review2000-06-012000-06-01https://dspace2.creighton.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10504/40350/33_33CreightonLRev821(1999-2000).pdf?sequence=1https://rconstitution.us/if-its-not-a-runaway-its-not-a-real-grand-jury/0.9Representatives impeach (I.2.6)
Impeachment (I.2.5)
Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not)Wesley Cohen, Richard Nelson, John Walshoffsite2000-02-012000-02-01https://www.nber.org/papers/w7552.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/protecting-their-intellectual-assets-appropriability-conditions-and-why-u-s-manufacturing-firms-patent-or-not/1.6Limited exclusive rights for inventors and authors (I.8.8)
Martin Van Buren: The Greatest American PresidentJeffrey Rogers HummeloffsiteThe Independent Review1999-11-011999-11-01https://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_04_2_hummel.pdf#page=2https://rconstitution.us/martin-van-buren-the-greatest-american-president/1.1Army, Navy, Militia command (II.2.1)
Admiralty and the Eleventh AmendmentDavid BedermanoffsiteNotre Dame Law Review1999-06-011999-06-01https://scholarship.law.nd.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1846&context=ndlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/admiralty-and-the-eleventh-amendment/2.6Cases of admiralty and maritime (III.2.1)
Veto! The Jacksonian Revolution in Constitutional LawGerard MaglioccaoffsiteNebraska Law Review1999-04-011999-04-01https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1441&context=nlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/veto!-the-jacksonian-revolution-in-constitutional-law/2.3President objects to bills (I.7.2)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
Congress as Grand Jury: The Role of the House of Representatives in the Impeachment of an American President [HeinOnline paywall]Jonathan TurleyoffsiteThe George Washington Law Review1999-03-011999-03-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/gwlr67&div=32&id=&page=https://rconstitution.us/congress-as-grand-jury-the-role-of-the-house-of-representatives-in-the-impeachment-of-an-american-president-heinonline-paywall/2.7Representatives impeach (I.2.6)
Impeachment (I.2.5)
Impeachment: The Structural Understanding [HeinOnline paywall]John McGinnisoffsiteThe George Washington Law Review1999-03-011999-03-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/gwlr67&div=27&id=&page=https://rconstitution.us/impeachment-the-structural-understanding-heinonline-paywall/0.7Impeachment (I.2.5)
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions: Guideposts of Limited GovernmentWilliam Watkins, Jr.offsiteThe Independent Review1999-02-011999-02-01https://www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_03_3_watkins.pdf#page=2The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Guideposts of Limited Government/1.1State executives disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
State legislators disregard unconstitutional statutes and opinions (VI.3)
History Right?: Historical Scholarship, Original Understanding, and Treaties as Supreme Law of the LandMartin FlahertykoffsiteColumbia Law Review1999-01-011999-01-01https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1727&context=faculty_scholarship#page=2https://rconstitution.us/history-right-historical-scholarship-original-understanding-and-treaties-as-supreme-law-of-the-land/2.5Cases under treaties (III.2.1)
The Evolution of Money: A Story of Constitutional NullificationAli KhanoffsiteUniversity of Cincinnati Law Review1999-01-011999-01-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=0120171030060640971150260861230790271130780290650580580300910150280051200050841031251070160620381180630960040821141020800741210330920210390771260020030260030490750150130930950970250170910130150890291271110721270https://rconstitution.us/the-evolution-of-money-a-story-of-constitutional-nullification/2.0Money coinage and valuation (I.8.5)
The Island of Duty: The Practice of Immigration Law on Ellis IslandLouis AnthesoffsiteNew York University Review of Law & Social Change1998-11-011998-11-01https://socialchangenyu.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Louis-Anthes_RLSC_24.2.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-island-of-duty-the-practice-of-immigration-law-on-ellis-island/1.5Naturalization rules (I.8.4)
The Treaty Power and American FederalismCurtis BradleyoffsiteMichigan Law Review1998-11-011998-11-01https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1979&context=faculty_scholarshiphttps://rconstitution.us/the-treaty-power-and-american-federalism/3.0Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
Treaty making (II.2.2)
Primary Election Systems and RepresentationElisabeth Gerber, Rebecca MortonoffsiteJournal of Law, Economics, & Organization1998-10-011998-10-01https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/39034334/Primary-Election-Systems-and-Representation_1998.pdf?response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DPrimary-Election-Systems-and-Representat.pdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credentiahttps://rconstitution.us/primary-election-systems-and-representation/0.9Closed voting (52)
Interests versus Ideology in the Ratification of the 16th and 17th AmendmentsRandall Holcombe, Donald LacombeoffsiteEconomics and Politics1998-07-011998-07-01https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/51416407/1468-0343.0004220170118-30281-o1g6rz.pdf?response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DInterests_Versus_Ideology_in_the_Ratific.pdf&X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAIWOWYYhttps://rconstitution.us/interests-versus-ideology-in-the-ratification-of-the-16th-and-17th-amendments/0.6Amendment ratification (V)
Against Campaign Finance Reform [HeinOnline paywall]Kathleen SullivanoffsiteUtah Law Review1998-06-011998-06-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/utahlr1998&div=20&id=&page=https://rconstitution.us/against-campaign-finance-reform-heinonline-paywall/0.8Donations (43)
Estimating the Effect of Campaign Spending on Senate Election Outcomes Using Instrumental VariablesAlan GerberoffsiteThe American Political Science Review1998-06-011998-06-01https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/865c/4f2e7fbe6f39fca07f0b413f1a331f4a7085.pdf#page=2https://rconstitution.us/estimating-the-effect-of-campaign-spending-on-senate-election-outcomes-using-instrumental-variables/0.8Donations (43)
Ratification of Amendments to the U.S. ConstitutionDavid Huckabeeoffsite1997-09-301997-09-30https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark/67531/metacrs415/m1/1/high_res_d/97-922gov_1997Sep30.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/ratification-of-amendments-to-the-us-constitution/0.1Amendment ratification (V)
Congressional Control Over Federal Court Jurisdiction: A Defense of the Traditional ViewJulian VelascooffsiteCatholic University Law Review1997-05-011997-05-01https://scholarship.law.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&https:redir=1&article=1529&context=lawreview#page=2https://rconstitution.us/congressional-control-over-federal-court-jurisdiction-a-defense-of-the-traditional-view/3.9Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)
Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)
Fame, the Founding, and the Power to Declare WarWilliam TreanoroffsiteCornell Law Review1997-05-011997-05-01http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2685&context=clr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/fame-the-founding-and-the-power-to-declare-war/3.0War declaration (I.8.11)
The Proposed Amendments to the Constitution of the United States During the First Century of Its HistoryHerman AmesoffsiteAnnual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 18961997-01-011997-01-01https://archive.org/download/proposedamendmen00amesrich/proposedamendmen00amesrich.pdf#page=7https://rconstitution.us/the-proposed-amendments-to-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-during-the-first-century-of-its-history/15.6Amendment proposal (V)
Vice Presidents of the United States, 1789-1993, pp. xv-xviMark Hatfield, Donald Ritchie, Jo Anne McCormick Quatannens, Richard Baker, William Hulloffsite1997-01-011997-01-01https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/CDOC-104sdoc26/pdf/CDOC-104sdoc26.pdf#page=15https://rconstitution.us/vice-presidents-of-the-united-states-1789-1993-pp-xv-xvi/0.0Vice president presides over Senate (I.3.4)
President of Senate (I.3.4)
The Flat Tax: Simplicity DesimplifiedRoger GarrisonoffsiteFEE.org1996-10-011996-10-01https://fee.org/articles/the-flat-tax-simplicity-desimplified/?gclid=CjwKCAiAh5_uBRA5EiwASW3IasqT8Rk_ZjYhRCe50o9JCkMOeApw9y67TOGiGMO5EGkDwCC4Lj1ZBRoC3xQQAvD_BwEhttps://rconstitution.us/the-flat-tax-simplicity-desimplified/0.3Income-tax laws (16)
“Little Wars” and the ConstitutionJules LobeloffsiteUniversity of Miami Law Review1995-10-011995-10-01http://repository.law.miami.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1789&context=umlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/little-wars-and-the-constitution/0.7War declaration (I.8.11)
Some Normative Arguments for the Unitary ExecutiveSteven CalabresioffsiteArkansas Law Review1995-09-011995-09-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/arklr48&div=9https://rconstitution.us/some-normative-arguments-for-the-unitary-executive/2.5The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
The History of the Bankruptcy Laws in the United StatesCharles TabboffsiteAmerican Bankruptcy Institute Law Review1995-05-011995-05-01https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=4790041000260740030940181221261140900560690850800280270230720210810910140070980641050040420260570510071171140960821041120080660450470560480480680290941211050880710730580140710641090731170750090851011021130711171https://rconstitution.us/the-history-of-the-bankruptcy-laws-in-the-united-states/1.9Bankruptcy laws (I.8.4)
The President’s Power To Execute the LawsSteven Calabresi, Saikrishna PrakashoffsiteThe Yale Law Journal1994-12-011994-12-01https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7593&context=yljhttps://rconstitution.us/the-presidents-power-to-execute-the-laws/5.5The executive power of the USA (II.1.1)
“Abridge” Too Far: Racial Gerrymandering, the Fifteenth Amendment, and Shaw v. RenoJay ShepherdoffsiteBoston College Third World Law Journal1994-06-011994-06-01https://lawdigitalcommons.bc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1276&context=twlj#page=2https://rconstitution.us/abridge-too-far-racial-gerrymandering-the-fifteenth-amendment-and-shaw-v-reno/1.2Voting laws (15.2)
Recovering the Political Constitution: The Madisonian Vision [JSTOR reader]George ThomasoffsiteThe Review of Politics1994-05-011994-05-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/1408954?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contentshttps://rconstitution.us/recovering-the-political-constitution-the-madisonian-vision-jstor-reader/1.0Congresspeople disregard unconstitutional opinions (VI.3)
The Fatal Flaw in NAFTA, GATT and All Other Trade AgreementsRobert McGeeoffsiteNorthwestern Journal of International Law & Business1994-05-011994-05-01https://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&https:redir=1&article=1392&context=njilb#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-fatal-flaw-in-nafta-gatt-and-all-other-trade-agreements/0.6President blocks treaties (II.2.2)
Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
Treaty making (II.2.2)
Treatymaking (II.2.2)
The Most Dangerous Branch: Executive Power to Say What the Law Is [HeinOnline paywall]Michael PaulsenoffsiteGeorgetown Law Journal1994-01-011994-01-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/glj83&div=24&id=&page=https://rconstitution.us/the-most-dangerous-branch-executive-power-to-say-what-the-law-is-heinonline-paywall/5.5President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
The “Proper” Scope of Federal Power: A Jurisdictional Interpretation of the Sweeping ClauseGary Lawson, Patricia B. GrangeroffsiteDuke Law Journal1993-11-011993-11-01https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3233&context=dljhttps://rconstitution.us/the-proper-scope-of-federal-power-a-jurisdictional-interpretation-of-the-sweeping-clause/2.5Post offices and post roads (I.8.7)
The President, the Senate, the Constitution, and the Confirmation Process: A Reply to Professors Strauss and Sunstein [HeinOnline paywall]John McGinnisoffsiteTexas Law Review1993-02-011993-02-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/tlr71&div=21&id=&page=https://rconstitution.us/the-president-the-senate-the-constitution-and-the-confirmation-process-a-reply-to-professors-strauss-and-sunstein-heinonline-paywall/1.7Appointment making (II.2.2)
Constitutional Foundations of the United States Navy: Text and ContextJohn RohroffsiteNaval War College Review1992-02-011992-02-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/44637182.pdf?refreqid=excelsior%3A6df741b451c5c5af9e3de404447b0b9e#page=2https://rconstitution.us/constitutional-foundations-of-the-united-states-navy-text-and-context/0.7Navy provision and maintenance (I.8.13)
The Line-Item Veto: The Best Response When Congress Passes One Spending “Bill” a YearGordon CrovitzoffsitePepperdine Law Review1990-12-151990-12-15https://digitalcommons.pepperdine.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.bing.com/&https:redir=1&article=1660&context=plr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-line-item-veto-the-best-response-when-congress-passes-one-spending-bill-a-year/0.5President objects to bills (I.7.2)
Bill signing or objection (I.7.2)
“Advice” from the Very Beginning, “Consent” When the End Is Achieved [JSTOR reader]Arthur BestoroffsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries1989-10-011989-10-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/2203359?item_view=read_online&refreqid=excelsior%3Ad2979a33beb410ebd24fb5f85e6c597bhttps://rconstitution.us/advice-from-the-very-beginning-consent-when-the-end-is-achieved-jstor-reader/0.4Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
The Intended Role of the Senate in Supreme Court AppointmentsJames GauchoffsiteThe University of Chicago Law Review1989-02-011989-02-01https://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4607&context=uclrevhttps://rconstitution.us/the-intended-role-of-the-senate-in-supreme-court-appointments/1.0Senators advise and consent on appointments (II.2.2)
No. 78. A View of the Constitution of the Judicial Department in Relation to the Tenure of Good BehaviorAlexander HamiltonoffsiteThe Federalist1988-05-281988-05-28http://files.libertyfund.org/files/788/0084_LFeBk.pdf#page=491https://rconstitution.us/no-78-a-view-of-the-constitution-of-the-judicial-department-in-relation-to-the-tenure-of-good-behavior/0.2National judges opine (III.1, VI.3)
Conceived in Liberty: The Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of RightsMichael CurtisoffsiteNorth Carolina Law Review1987-06-011987-06-01https://scholarship.law.unc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&https:redir=1&article=3094&context=nclr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/conceived-in-liberty-the-fourteenth-amendment-and-the-bill-of-rights/0.5President intervenes on unconstitutional state-government actions (II.1.8)
Congresspeople intervene on unconstitutional state-government actions (VI.3)
Covert War and Congressional Authority: Hidden War and Forgotten PowerJules LobeloffsiteUniversity of Pennsylvania Law Review1986-06-011986-06-01http://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4002&context=penn_law_reviewhttps://rconstitution.us/covert-war-and-congressional-authority-hidden-war-and-forgotten-power/3.5Marque and reprisal (I.8.11)
Judicial Review: Reckoning on Two Kinds of ErrorRichard EpsteinoffsiteCato Journal1985-02-011985-02-01https://www.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/cato-journal/1985/1/cj4n3-4.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/judicial-review-reckoning-on-two-kinds-of-error/0.2Cases under Constitution, USA laws (III.2.1)
The judicial power of the USA (III.1)
Goal Statutes or Rules Statutes: The Case of the Clean Air ActDavid SchoenbrodoffsiteUCLA Law Review1983-01-011983-01-01https://digitalcommons.nyls.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1237&context=fac_articles_chapters#page=2https://rconstitution.us/goal-statutes-or-rules-statutes-the-case-of-the-clean-air-act/3.4All legislative powers of the USA (I.1)
Exclusive Original Jurisdiction of the United States Supreme Court: Does it Still ExistJulie StevensonoffsiteBrigham Young University Law Review1982-09-011982-09-01http://digitalcommons.law.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1335&context=lawreview#page=2https://rconstitution.us/exclusive-original-jurisdiction-of-the-united-states-supreme-court-does-it-still-exist/0.9Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1)
Congress and the Supreme Court’s JurisdictionCharles RiceoffsiteVillanova Law Review1982-05-011982-05-01https://digitalcommons.law.villanova.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&https:redir=1&article=2374&context=vlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/congress-and-the-supreme-courts-jurisdiction/1.0Congresspeople make exceptions and regulations on Supreme Court (III.2.2)
Judicial power exceptions, regulations (III.2.2)
The Case for TreasonGeorge FletcheroffsiteMaryland Law Review1982-05-011982-05-01http://digitalcommons.law.umaryland.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2522&context=mlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/the-case-for-treason/0.5Treason punishment (III.3.2)
Respective Roles of Senate and President in the Making and Abrogation of Treaties: The Original Intent of the Framers of the Constitution Historically ExaminedArthur BestoroffsiteWashington Law Review1979-12-011979-12-01https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2271&context=wlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/respective-roles-of-senate-and-president-in-the-making-and-abrogation-of-treaties-the-original-intent-of-the-framers-of-the-constitution-historically-examined/5.0President blocks treaties (II.2.2)
Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
Treaty making (II.2.2)
Treaty advice, consent (II.2.2)
The Nature of a Pardon Under the United States ConstitutionSidney BuchananoffsiteOhio State Law Journal1978-03-011978-03-01https://kb.osu.edu/bitstream/handle/1811/65042/OSLJ_V39N1_0036.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-nature-of-a-pardon-under-the-united-states-constitution/1.2Reprieve, pardon except on impeachment (II.2.1)
United States Standards of Weights and Measures, Their Creation and CreatorsArthur FrazieroffsiteSmithsonian Studies in History and Technology1978-01-011978-01-01https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/2439/SSHT-0040_Hi_res.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=yhttps://rconstitution.us/united-states-standards-of-weights-and-measures-their-creation-and-creators/0.8Weights and measures standards (I.8.5)
Public Office as a Public Trust: A Suggestion that Impeachment for High Crimes and Misdemeanors Implies a Fiduciary Standard [HeinOnline paywall]Mabry Rogers, Stephen YoungoffsiteGeorgetown Law Journal1975-05-011975-05-01https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/glj63&div=64&id=&page=https://rconstitution.us/public-office-as-a-public-trust-a-suggestion-that-impeachment-for-high-crimes-and-misdemeanors-implies-a-fiduciary-standard-heinonline-paywall/1.0Representatives impeach (I.2.6)
Impeachment (I.2.5)
Eagle and Sword: The Federalists and the Creation of the Military Establishment in America, 1783-1802, pp. 298-303 [Internet Archive reader/loan]Richard KohnoffsiteThe Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries1975-01-011975-01-01https://archive.org/details/eagleswordfed00kohn/page/298https://rconstitution.us/eagle-and-sword-the-federalists-and-the-creation-of-the-military-establishment-in-america-1783-1802-pp-298-303-internet-archive-reader-loan/0.2Army raising and support up to 2 years (I.8.12)
Impeachment: A HandbookCharles Black, Jr.offsite1974-01-011974-01-01https://archive.org/download/black_impeachment/black_impeachment.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/impeachment-a-handbook/1.6Representatives impeach (I.2.6)
Senators try impeachments (I.3.6, I.3.7)
Impeachment (I.2.5)
Impeachment trial (I.3.6)
War-Making under the Constitution: The Original UnderstandingCharles LofgrenoffsiteThe Yale Law Journal1972-03-011972-03-01https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=6109&context=yljhttps://rconstitution.us/war-making-under-the-constitution-the-original-understanding/1.2War declaration (I.8.11)
The Congressional Power to Raise Armies: The Constitutional and Ratifying Conventions, 1787-1788 [JSTOR reader]Bernard Donahoe, Marshall SmelseroffsiteThe Review of Politics1971-04-011971-04-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/1406250?item_view=read_online&refreqid=excelsior%3Aa5282595abe91faa4ec844d6bd571d93https://rconstitution.us/the-congressional-power-to-raise-armies-the-constitutional-and-ratifying-conventions-1787-1788-jstor-reader/0.3Army raising and support up to 2 years (I.8.12)
Constitutional Law: Poll TaxesWilliam DouglassoffsiteTulsa Law Review1966-06-011966-06-01http://digitalcommons.law.utulsa.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1090&context=tlr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/constitutional-law-poll-taxes/0.2Voting-tax prohibition laws (24.2)
The Federal Basis for Weights and Measures: A Historical Review of Federal Legislative Effort, Statutes, and Administrative Action in the Field of Weights and Measures in the United StatesRalph Smithoffsite1958-06-051958-06-05https://ia801303.us.archive.org/31/items/federalbasisforw593smit/federalbasisforw593smit.pdfhttps://rconstitution.us/the-federal-basis-for-weights-and-measures-a-historical-review-of-federal-legislative-effort-statutes-and-administrative-action-in-the-field-of-weights-and-measures-in-the-united-states/1.2Weights and measures standards (I.8.5)
Presidential Use of Troops to Execute the Laws: A Brief HistoryDaniel PollittoffsiteNorth Carolina Law Review1958-02-011958-02-01http://scholarship.law.unc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1986&context=nclr#page=2https://rconstitution.us/presidential-use-of-troops-to-execute-the-laws-a-brief-history/1.0Militia-calling provisions (I.8.15)
The Law of Nations as Part of the National Law of the United States, IIEdwin DickinsonoffsiteUniversity of Pennsylvania Law Review1953-04-011953-04-01https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7946&context=penn_law_reviewhttps://rconstitution.us/the-law-of-nations-as-part-of-the-national-law-of-the-united-states-ii/1.6Controversies involving USA (III.2.1)
The Law of Nations as Part of the National Law of the United StatesEdwin DickinsonoffsiteUniversity of Pennsylvania Law Review1952-10-011952-10-01https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7912&context=penn_law_reviewhttps://rconstitution.us/the-law-of-nations-as-part-of-the-national-law-of-the-united-states/1.1Controversies involving USA (III.2.1)
Jefferson and the Navy: A Defense [JSTOR reader]Julia MacleodoffsiteHuntington Library Quarterly1945-02-011945-02-01https://www.jstor.org/stable/3815809?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contentshttps://rconstitution.us/jefferson-and-the-navy-a-defense-jstor-reader/1.0Navy provision and maintenance (I.8.13)
The Apportionment and Selection of Delegates. Politics, Parties, and Pressure Groups, pp. 402-14V. O. Key, Jr.offsite1942-01-011942-01-01https://archive.org/download/in.ernet.dli.2015.14705/2015.14705.Politics-Parties-And-Pressure-Groups.pdf#page=419https://rconstitution.us/the-apportionment-and-selection-of-delegates-politics-parties-and-pressure-groups-pp-402-14/0.5Electoral college (52)
Suits by States Within the Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme CourtFerrel Heady, Jr.offsiteWashington University Law Review1940-11-011940-11-01http://openscholarship.wustl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3991&context=law_lawreview#page=2https://rconstitution.us/suits-by-states-within-the-original-jurisdiction-of-the-supreme-court/0.8Controversies between states, nations, their people (III.2.1)
ACU State Legislative RatingsoffsiteConservative.org0000-00-000000-00-00http://acuratings.conservative.org/acu-state-legislative-ratings/https://rconstitution.us/acu-state-legislative-ratings/0.0Voting scores (48)
Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, vol. I, 1873, pp. 265-6 footnote 2Joseph Storyoffsite0000-00-000000-00-00https://archive.org/details/commentariesonco01storuoft/page/265https://rconstitution.us/commentaries-on-the-constitution-of-the-united-states-vol-i-1873-pp-265-6-footnote-2/0.0President disregards unconstitutional statutes and opinions (II.1.8)
Interactive ConstitutionoffsiteNational Constitution Center0000-00-000000-00-00https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitutionhttps://rconstitution.us/interactive-constitution/0.0Offsetting powers
Scope
Processes
Liberty ScoreoffsiteConservative Review0000-00-000000-00-00https://libertyscore.conservativereview.com/https://rconstitution.us/liberty-score/0.0Voting scores (48)
  1. Anthony, James. “Latest.” rConstitution.us, rConstitution.us/latest.  link
  2. Anthony, James. rConstitution Papers: Offsetting Powers Secure Our Rights. Neuwoehner Press, 2020, pp. 3.1-15.  preview
  3. Anthony, James. The Constitution Needs a Good Party: Good Government Comes from Good Boundaries. Neuwoehner Press, 2018, pp. 41-60.  preview